BS EN 00054-22-2015

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BSEN00054 22 2015
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BSI Standards Publication BS EN 54-22:2015 Fire detection and fire alarm systems Part 22: Resettable line-type heat detectorsBS EN 54-22:2015 BRITISH STANDARD National foreword This British Standard is the UK implementation of EN 54-22:2015. The UK participation in its preparation was entrusted to Technical Committee FSH/12/2, Fire detectors. A list of organizations represented on this committee can be obtained on request to its secretary. This publication does not purport to include all the necessary provisions of a contract. Users are responsible for its correct application. © The British Standards Institution 2015. Published by BSI Standards Limited 2015 ISBN 978 0 580 81246 0 ICS 13.220.10; 13.220.20 Compliance with a British Standard cannot confer immunity from legal obligations. This British Standard was published under the authority of the Standards Policy and Strategy Committee on 31 May 2015. Amendments issued since publication Date Text affectedBS EN 54-22:2015EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM EN 54-22 May 2015 ICS 13.220.20; 13.220.10 English Version Fire detection and fire alarm systems - Part 22: Resettable line- type heat detectors Systèmes de détection et d'alarme incendie - Partie 22: Détecteurs de chaleur de type linéaire réenclenchables Brandmeldeanlagen - Teil 22: Rücksetzbare linienförmige Wärmemelder This European Standard was approved by CEN on 19 March 2015. CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member. This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions. CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United Kingdom. EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels © 2015 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 54-22:2015 EBS EN 54-22:2015 EN 54-22:2015 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword 4 Introduction .6 1 Scope 7 2 Normative references 7 3 Terms, definitions and abbreviations 8 3.1 Terms and definitions .8 3.2 Abbreviations .9 4 Product characteristics .9 4.1 General 9 4.2 Nominal activation conditions/sensitivity 10 4.3 Operational reliability . 11 4.4 Tolerance to supply voltage 13 4.5 Performance parameters under fire conditions 13 4.6 Durability of nominal activation conditions/sensitivity 14 5 Testing, assessments and sampling methods 15 5.1 General . 15 5.2 Test procedures nominal activation conditions/sensitivity . 19 5.3 Test procedures operational reliability. 20 5.4 Tolerance to supply voltage 22 5.5 Performance parameters under fire conditions 23 5.6 Durability of nominal activation conditions/sensitivity 27 6 Assessment and verification of constancy of performance (AVCP) . 47 6.1 General . 47 6.2 Type testing . 48 6.3 Factory production control (FPC) . 49 7 Classification . 54 8 Marking, labelling and packaging . 54 8.1 General . 54 8.2 Marking of sensor control unit 55 8.3 Marking of sensing element 55 8.4 Marking of functional units 55 Annex A (normative) Arrangement of the sensing element in the fire test room 56 A.1 General . 56 A.2 Fire test room arrangement . 56 A.3 Sensing element outside the fire test room . 56 Annex B (normative) Flaming liquid test fires (TF6F, TF6 and TF6S) . 58 B.1 General . 58 B.2 Arrangement 58 B.3 Ignition . 58 B.4 End of test condition 58 B.5 Test validity criteria 59 BS EN 54-22:2015 EN 54-22:2015 (E) 3 Annex C (normative) Test arrangement for the sensing element of linear heat detector in the heat tunnel 60 C.1 General . 60 C.2 Test arrangement for the sensing element . 60 Annex D (informative) Apparatus for mounting of the sensing element of linear heat detector in the heat tunnel . 61 D.1 General . 61 D.2 Test apparatus . 61 Annex E (normative) Mounting of the sensing element of multipoint RLTHD in the heat tunnel . 62 E.1 General . 62 E.2 Mounting arrangement of multipoint sensing element . 62 Annex F (normative) Heat tunnel for response time and response temperature measurements . 64 F.1 General . 64 F.2 Description of the heat tunnel 64 Annex G (informative) Construction of the heat tunnel 65 G.1 General . 65 G.2 Heat tunnel construction 65 Annex H (normative) Test arrangement for vibration tests for sensing element . 67 H.1 General . 67 H.2 Test setup . 67 Annex I (normative) Test apparatus for impact test on the sensing element . 68 I.1 General . 68 I.2 Test apparatus . 68 I.3 Test setup . 68 Annex J (informative) Data supplied with resettable line-type heat detectors . 71 Annex ZA (informative) Clauses of this European Standard addressing the provisions of the EU Construction Products Regulation 72 ZA.1 Scope and relevant characteristics . 72 ZA.2 Procedure for assessment and verification of constancy of performance (AVCP) of resettable line-type heat detectors 74 ZA.2.1 System of AVCP 74 ZA.2.2 Declaration of performance (DoP) . 75 ZA.2.2.1 General 75 ZA.2.2.2 Content 75 ZA.2.2.3 Example of DoP 76 ZA.3 CE marking and labelling 79 Bibliography 83 BS EN 54-22:2015 EN 54-22:2015 (E) 4 Foreword This document (EN 54-22:2015) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 72 “Fire detection and fire alarm systems”, the secretariat of which is held by BSI. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by November 2015, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by May 2019. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports the basic requirements of Regulation (EU) 305/2011. For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA which is an integral part of this document. EN 54 “Fire detection and fire alarm systems“ consists of the following parts: Part 1: Introduction Part 2: Control and indicating equipment Part 3: Fire alarm devices – Sounders Part 4: Power supply equipment Part 5: Heat detectors – Point detectors Part 7: Smoke detectors – Point detectors using scattered light, transmitted light or ionization Part 10: Flame detectors – Point detectors Part 11: Manual call points Part 12: Smoke detectors – Line detector using an optical light beam Part 13: Compatibility assessment of system components Part 14: Guidelines for planning, design, installation, commissioning, use and maintenance Part 15: Point detectors using a combination of detected phenomena Part 16: Voice alarm control and indicating equipment Part 17: Short circuit isolators Part 18: Input/output devices Part 20: Aspirating smoke detectors Part 21: Alarm transmission and fault warning routine equipment Part 22: Resettable line-type heat detectors BS EN 54-22:2015 EN 54-22:2015 (E) 5 Part 23: Fire alarm devices – Visual alarms Part 24: Components of voice alarm systems – Loudspeakers Part 25: Components using radio links and system requirements Part 26: Carbon monoxide detectors – Point detectors (in preparation) Part 27: Duct smoke detectors (in preparation) Part 28: Non-resettable line-type heat detectors (in preparation) Part 29: Multi-sensor fire detectors - Point detectors using a combination of smoke and heat sensors Part 30: Multi-sensor fire detectors - Point detectors using a combination of carbon monoxide and heat sensors Part 31: Multi-sensor detector – Point detectors using a combination of smoke, carbon monoxide and optionally heat sensors Part 32: Guidelines for the planning, design, installation, commissioning, use and maintenance of voice alarm systems NOTE This list includes standards that are in preparation and other standards may be added. For current status of published standards refer to www.cen.eu. According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. BS EN 54-22:2015 EN 54-22:2015 (E) 6 Introduction Resettable line-type heat detectors (RLTHD) have been incorporated into fire alarm systems for a considerable number of years. These detectors are typically used in areas where point type heat detectors are presented with challenging environmental characteristics and also where access to the detectors may significantly influence the fire alarm system design. This standard defines the minimum system functionality for RLTHD products. RLTHD are based upon many unique operating principles. It is the intention of this standard to define common operating characteristics for each type of RLTHD in conjunction with existing EN 54 detector standards, so that resettable line-type heat detectors have a response behaviour comparable to that of point type heat detectors. Due to the various applications for RLTHD, it is necessary to devise separate environmental classification tests for the sensing element and the sensor control units of these systems. It is not the purpose of this standard to define applications or how RLTHD should be used in applications. However, the standard indicates two general fields of application, room protection and secondly local protection. The standard defines separate response test classifications for these two fields. Generally there are two functional principles employed by RLTHD: non-integrating and integrating systems. Therefore separated subclasses have been created for non integrating systems and for integrating systems. BS EN 54-22:2015 EN 54-22:2015 (E) 7 1 Scope This European Standard applies to resettable line-type heat detectors consisting of a sensing element using an optical fibre, a pneumatic tube or an electrical sensor cable connected to a sensor control unit, either directly or through an interface module, intended for use in fire detection and fire alarm systems installed in and around buildings and other civil engineering works (see EN 54-1:2011). This European Standard specifies the requirements and performance criteria, the corresponding test methods and provides for the Assessment and Verification of Constancy of Performance (AVCP) of resettable line-type heat detectors to this EN. This European Standard also covers resettable line-type heat detectors intended for use in the local protection of plant and equipment. Resettable line-type heat detectors with special characteristics and developed for specific risks are not covered by this EN. This European Standard does not cover line-type heat detectors that are based on non-resettable, fixed temperature electrical cables (so called “digital” systems). 2 Normative references The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 54-1:2011, Fire detection and fire alarm systems — Part 1: Introduction EN 54-7:2000, Fire detection and fire alarm systems — Part 7: Smoke detectors — Point detectors using scattered light, transmitted light or ionization EN 50130-4:2011, Alarm systems — Part 4: Electromagnetic compatibility — Product family standard: Immunity requirements for components of fire, intruder, hold up, CCTV, access control and social alarm systems EN 60068-1:1994, Environmental testing — Part 1: General and guidance (IEC 60068-1:1988 + Corrigendum 1988 +A1:1992) EN 60068-2-1:2007, Environmental testing — Part 2-1: Tests — Test A: Cold (IEC 60068-2-1:2007) EN 60068-2-2:2007, Environmental testing — Part 2-2: Tests — Test B: Dry heat (IEC 60068-2-2:2007) EN 60068-2-27:2009, Environmental testing — Part 2-27: Tests — Test Ea and guidance: Shock (IEC 60068- 2-27:2009) EN 60068-2-30:2005, Environmental testing — Part 2-30: Tests — Test Db: Damp heat, cyclic (12 h + 12 h cycle) ((IEC 60068-2-30:2005) EN 60068-2-42:2003, Environmental testing — Part 2-42: Tests — Test Kc: Sulphur dioxide test for contacts and connections ((IEC 60068-2-42:2003) EN 60068-2-6:2008, Environmental testing — Part 2-6: Tests — Test Fc: Vibration (sinusoidal) (IEC 60068-2- 6:2008) EN 60068-2-75:1997, Environmental testing — Part 2-75: Tests — Test Eh: Hammer tests (IEC 60068-2- 75:1997) BS EN 54-22:2015 EN 54-22:2015 (E) 8 EN 60068-2-78:2001, Environmental testing — Part 2-78: Tests — Test Cab: Damp heat, steady state (IEC 60068-2-78:2001) 3 Terms, definitions and abbreviations For the purposes of this document the terms and definitions given in EN 54-1:2011 and the following apply. 3.1 Terms and definitions 3.1.1 functional unit part of a line-type heat detector in addition to the sensor control unit and the sensing element which is essential for the function of the line-type heat detector EXAMPLE Terminating device, filter, switch. 3.1.2 integrating line-type heat detector detectors for which the response to temperature is summed in some way, (not necessarily linearly), along a length of the sensing element. For such detectors, the output to the sensor control unit is therefore a function of the temperature distribution along the length of the sensing element EXAMPLE Pneumatic systems. 3.1.3 linear line-type heat detector detectors which respond to heat applied to any point along the length of the sensing element 3.1.4 line-type heat detector LTHD detector which responds to heat sensed in the vicinity of a continuous line Note 1 to entry: A line-type heat detector may consist of a sensor control unit, a sensing element and functional units. 3.1.5 local protection application applica
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