BS EN 764-4-2014 Establishment of technical delivery conditions for metallic materials

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BSEN764 2014 Establishmentoftechnicaldeliveryconditionsformetallicmaterials
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BSI Standards Publication BS EN 764-4:2014 Pressure equipment Part 4: Establishment of technical delivery conditions for metallic materialsBS EN 764-4:2014 BRITISH STANDARD National foreword This British Standard is the UK implementation of EN 764-4:2014. It supersedes BS EN 764-4:2002 which is withdrawn. The UK participation in its preparation was entrusted to Technical Committee PVE/1, Pressure Vessels. A list of organizations represented on this committee can be obtained on request to its secretary. This publication does not purport to include all the necessary provisions of a contract. Users are responsible for its correct application. © The British Standards Institution 2015. Published by BSI Standards Limited 2015 ISBN 978 0 580 78027 1 ICS 23.020.30 Compliance with a British Standard cannot confer immunity from legal obligations. This British Standard was published under the authority of the Standards Policy and Strategy Committee on 31 January 2015. Amendments issued since publication Date Text affectedBS EN 764-4:2014EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM EN 764-4 December 2014 ICS 23.020.30 Supersedes EN 764-4:2002 English Version Pressure equipment - Part 4: Establishment of technical delivery conditions for metallic materials Equipements sous pression - Partie 4: Etablissement des conditions techniques de livraison des matériaux métalliques Druckgeräte - Teil 4: Erstellung von technischen Lieferbedingungen für metallische Werkstoffe This European Standard was approved by CEN on 8 November 2014. CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member. This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions. CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United Kingdom. EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels © 2014 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 764-4:2014 EBS EN 764-4:2014 EN 764-4:2014 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword 4 1 Scope 5 2 Normative references 5 3 Terms and definitions, symbols and abbreviations . 6 3.1 Terms and definitions . 6 3.2 Symbols and abbreviations 6 4 Types of technical delivery conditions . 8 4.1 Harmonized European Standards for material for pressure equipment 8 4.2 European Approvals for Materials for pressure equipment (EAMs) 8 4.3 Particular Material Appraisals for pressure equipment (PMAs) . 8 5 Content of technical delivery conditions for materials for pressure equipment 9 5.1 General 9 5.2 Requirements . 9 5.3 Testing and inspection 11 5.4 Marking . 12 Annex A (normative) Procedures for the establishment of European Approvals for pressure equipment Materials (EAM) . 13 A.1 General 13 A.2 European Approvals for Materials . 13 A.3 Requirements for the establishment of an EAM . 13 A.4 Title scheme and structure of an EAM 14 Annex B (normative) Appraisal schedule for ferritic and martensitic steels 16 B.1 General 16 B.2 Test procedures . 16 B.3 Required testing. 17 B.4 Subsequent testing 21 B.5 Collective tests . 22 Annex C (normative) Appraisal schedule for austenitic and austenitic-ferritic steels . 24 C.1 General 24 C.2 Test procedures . 24 C.3 Basic testing . 25 C.4 Sampling . 27 C.5 Extent of testing . 27 Annex D (normative) Appraisal schedule for cast steels. 28 D.1 General 28 D.2 Test procedures . 28 D.3 Basic testing . 29 D.4 Sampling . 31 D.5 Extent of testing . 31 Annex E (normative) Test programme for welded specimen after stress relief procedure 33 E.1 Test programme . 33 E.2 Position of specimen . 33 Annex F (informative) Example for Particular Material Appraisal (PMA) for steel . 35 Annex G (informative) History of EN 764-4 . 38 BS EN 764-4:2014 EN 764-4:2014 (E) 3 Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of EU Directive 97/23/EC on Pressure Equipment . 39 Bibliography 40 BS EN 764-4:2014 EN 764-4:2014 (E) 4 Foreword This document (EN 764-4:2014) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 54 “Unfired pressure vessels”, the secretariat of which is held by BSI. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by June 2015 and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by June 2015. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document supersedes EN 764-4:2002. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive. For relationship with EU Directive 97/23/EC (PED), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document. Regarding the most significant technical changes that have been implemented in this new edition of EN 764-4, see Annex G. EN 764, Pressure equipment, consists of the following parts: — Part 1: Terminology - Pressure, temperature, volume, nominal size; — Part 2: Quantities, symbols and units; — Part 3: Definition of parties involved; — Part 4: Establishment of technical delivery conditions for metallic materials (the present document); — Part 5: Inspection documentation of metallic materials and compliance with the material specification; — Part 6: Structure and content of operating instructions [Technical Report CEN/TR 764-6]; — Part 7: Safety systems for unfired pressure equipment; — Part 8: Proof test [Technical Specification prCEN/TS 764-8, currently under development]. According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. BS EN 764-4:2014 EN 764-4:2014 (E) 5 1 Scope This European Standard specifies the requirements, under the regime of the EU Directive 97/23/EC on Pressure Equipment (PED), for the establishment of the technical delivery conditions in the form of: — harmonized European Standards for material; — European Approval for Materials (EAM); — Particular Material Appraisal (PMA) for metallic materials for pressure equipment in all product forms. Welding consumables are not covered by this standard. This European Standard was developed predominantly on the basis of steel, nickel and nickel-based materials. However, application to other materials is not restricted but should consider specific aspects relevant to the material concerned. 2 Normative references The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 764-1:2004, Pressure equipment - Part 1: Terminology - Pressure, temperature, volume, nominal size EN 764-2:2012, Pressure equipment - Part 2: Quantities, symbols and units EN 10028 (all parts), Flat products made of steels for pressure purposes EN 10164, Steel products with improved deformation properties perpendicular to the surface of the product - Technical delivery conditions EN 10204, Metallic products - Types of inspection documents EN 10213, Steel castings for pressure purposes EN 10216 (all parts), Seamless steel tubes for pressure purposes - Technical delivery conditions EN 10217 (all parts), Welded steel tubes for pressure purposes - Technical delivery conditions EN 10222 (all parts), Steel forgings for pressure purposes EN 10272, Stainless steel bars for pressure purposes EN 10273, Hot rolled weldable steel bars for pressure purposes with specified elevated temperature properties EN 10314, Method for the derivation of minimum values of proof strength of steel at elevated temperatures EN ISO 148-1, Metallic materials - Charpy pendulum impact test - Part 1: Test method (ISO 148-1) EN ISO 204, Metallic materials - Uniaxial creep testing in tension - Method of test (ISO 204) EN ISO 6892-1:2009, Metallic materials - Tensile testing - Part 1: Method of test at room temperature (ISO 6892-1) BS EN 764-4:2014 EN 764-4:2014 (E) 6 EN ISO 10052, Acoustics - Field measurements of airborne and impact sound insulation and of service equipment sound - Survey method (ISO 10052) EN ISO 15607, Specification and qualification of welding procedures for metallic materials - General rules (ISO 15607) CR ISO 15608:2000, Welding - Guidelines for a metallic material grouping system (ISO/TR 15608:2000) EN ISO 15614-1, Specification and qualification of welding procedures for metallic materials - Welding procedure test - Part 1: Arc and gas welding of steels and arc welding of nickel and nickel alloys (ISO 15614-1) 3 Terms and definitions, symbols and abbreviations 3.1 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 3.1.1 European Approval for Materials EAM technical document defining the characteristics of materials intended for repeated use in the manufacture of pressure equipment which are not covered by any harmonized standard Note 1 to entry: See Article 11 of the EU Directive 97/23/EC on Pressure Equipment (PED) and see also the PED Guideline 7/26. 3.2 Symbols and abbreviations For the purposes of this standard, the symbols and abbreviations of EN 764-1:2004, EN 764-2:2012 and the following in Table 1 and Table 2 apply. BS EN 764-4:2014 EN 764-4:2014 (E) 7 Table 1 — Symbols and units Symbols Characteristic Units b width mm e thickness mm h max. permissible reinforcement of weld mm T temperature °C T Ddesign temperature °C A elongation after fracture % C constant — D diameter mm E modulus of elasticity MPa G shear modulus MPa HV Vickers hardness — KV 2Charpy V-notch impact energy J L ooriginal gauge length mm P pressure bar P LMparameter according to Larson-Miller — R eyield strength MPa R eHupper yield strength MPa R eLlower yield strength MPa R mtensile strength MPa R cm/t/Tcreep rupture strength for t hours at T °C MPa R m/Ttensile strength at temperature T MPa R p0,2/T0,2 % proof strength at temperature T MPa R p0,20,2 % proof strength MPa R p1,01,0 % proof strength MPa R p1,0/T1,0 % proof strength at temperature T MPa S ooriginal cross sectional area mm 2t time h α linear expansion coefficient K − 1ε strain % V Poisson's ratio — BS EN 764-4:2014 EN 764-4:2014 (E) 8 Table 2 — Abbreviations Abbreviation Description EAM European Approval for Materials EC European Commission PED Pressure Equipment Directive PMA Particular Material Appraisal OJEU Official Journal of the European Union 4 Types of technical delivery conditions 4.1 Harmonized European Standards for material for pressure equipment Harmonized European material standards under the regime of the PED define the technical requirements for materials frequently used in pressure equipment in Europe. It is within the remit of the responsible technical committee for materials to check at each occasion of the revision work whether related material grades covered by an EAM are used to an extent that justifies the incorporation of the grade into the relevant harmonized European material Standard. 4.2 European Approvals for Materials for pressure equipment (EAMs) A European approval for materials means a technical document defining the characteristics of materials intended for repeated use in the manufacture of pressure equipment, the type of which is not covered by any harmonized European material standard. According to Guiding Principles for the contents of EAM drafts, agreed by the Member States of the European Union and the European Commission, it shall i.a. describe material properties in a concise, complete and correct manner. The ways and means undertaken to achieve an EAM and a data sheet containing at least the applicable elements is given in Annex A. An EAM shall not be issued for: a) a grade of material listed in a current or former national material standard that has a specification covered by a harmonized European material standard; b) a grade of material which is previously included in a European national material standard but which is not included in the harmonized European material standard which has replaced the European national material standard (ref. PED Guideline 7/26). NOTE 1 Reference of available EAMs is published in the Official Journal of the European Union (OJEU). NOTE 2 Actual EAMs are also published at the following website of the European Commission: http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/pressure-and-gas/documents/ped/materials/index_en.htm. 4.3 Particular Material Appraisals for pressure equipment (PMAs) Particular material appraisals apply for individual cases as for example: a) a material grade or a product form or a thickness not covered by a harmonized European material standard, harmonized under the scope of the PED, or by an EAM; BS EN 764-4:2014 EN 764-4:2014 (E) 9 b) a product specified in a harmonized European material standard for pressure purposes or in an EAM is intended in an exceptional case for service conditions outside its specified range of application. For pressure equipment classified in category III and IV according to the PED, the PMA/PMAs, which irrespective of category (I to IV) always shall be drawn up by the equipment manufacturer, shall be appraised and confirmed by the Notified Body in charge of the conformity assessment for the actual piece of pressure equipment. Where relevant to the pressure equipment under consideration the requirements given in Annex B to Annex E together with EN 13445-2:2014, 4.1 and 4.2, may be u
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