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ASTM A213 - A 213M - 15c.pdf

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ASTM A213 - A 213M - 15c.pdf

Designation A213/A213M − 15c Used in USDOE-NE standardsStandard Specification forSeamless Ferritic and Austenitic Alloy-Steel Boiler,Superheater, and Heat-Exchanger Tubes1This standard is issued under the fixed designation A213/A213M; the number immediately following the designation indicates the yearof original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval.A superscript epsilon indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.This standard has been approved for use by agencies of the U.S. Department of Defense.1. Scope*1.1 This specification2covers seamless ferritic and auste-nitic steel boiler, superheater, and heat-exchanger tubes, des-ignated Grades T5, TP304, etc. These steels are listed in Tables1 and 2.1.2 Grades containing the letter, H, in their designation,have requirements different from those of similar grades notcontaining the letter, H. These different requirements providehigher creep-rupture strength than normally achievable insimilar grades without these different requirements.1.3 The tubing sizes and thicknesses usually furnished tothis specification are1⁄8 in. [3.2 mm] in inside diameter to 5 in.[127 mm] in outside diameter and 0.015 to 0.500 in. [0.4 to12.7 mm], inclusive, in minimum wall thickness or, if specifiedin the order, average wall thickness. Tubing having otherdiameters may be furnished, provided such tubes comply withall other requirements of this specification.1.4 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound unitsare to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, theSI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in eachsystem may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each systemshall be used independently of the other. Combining valuesfrom the two systems may result in non-conformance with thestandard. The inch-pound units shall apply unless the “M”designation of this specification is specified in the order.2. Referenced Documents2.1 ASTM Standards3A262 Practices for Detecting Susceptibility to IntergranularAttack in Austenitic Stainless SteelsA941 Terminology Relating to Steel, Stainless Steel, RelatedAlloys, and FerroalloysA1016/A1016M Specification for General Requirements forFerritic Alloy Steel, Austenitic Alloy Steel, and StainlessSteel TubesE112 Test Methods for Determining Average Grain Size2.2 AWS Specifications4A5.5/A5.5M Specification for Low-Alloy Steel Electrodesfor Shielded Metal Arc WeldingA5.23/A5.23M Specification for Low-Alloy Steel Elec-trodes and Fluxes for Submerged Arc WeldingA5.28/A5.28M Specification for Low-Alloy Steel Elec-trodes for Gas Shielded Arc WeldingA5.29/A5.29M Low-Alloy Steel Electrodes for Flux CoredArc Welding3. Terminology3.1 DefinitionsFor definitions of terms used in thisspecification, refer to Terminology A941.4. Ordering Information4.1 It shall be the responsibility of the purchaser to specifyall requirements that are necessary for products under thisspecification. Such requirements to be considered include, butare not limited to, the following4.1.1 Quantity feet, metres, or number of lengths,4.1.2 Name of material seamless tubes,4.1.3 Grade Tables 1 and 2,4.1.4 Condition hot finished or cold finished,4.1.5 Heat treatment type Table 3.4.1.6 Controlled structural characteristics see 6.3,4.1.7 Size outside diameter and minimum wall thickness,unless average wall thickness is specified,4.1.8 Length specific or random,4.1.9 Hydrostatic Test or Nondestructive Electric Test see10.1,1This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A01 on Steel,Stainless Steel and Related Alloys and is the direct responsibility of SubcommitteeA01.10 on Stainless and Alloy Steel Tubular Products.Current edition approved Nov. 1, 2015. Published November 2015. Originallyapproved in 1939. Last previous edition approved in 2015 as A213/A213M–15b.DOI 10.1520/A0213_A0213M-15C.2For ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code applications see related Specifi-cation SA-213 in Section II of that Code.3For referenced ASTM standards, visit the ASTM website, www.astm.org, orcontact ASTM Customer Service at serviceastm.org. For Annual Book of ASTMStandards volume information, refer to the standard’s Document Summary page onthe ASTM website.4Available from American Welding Society AWS, 550 NW LeJeune Rd.,Miami, FL 33126, http//www.aws.org.*A Summary of Changes section appears at the end of this standardCopyright ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. United States1TABLE1ChemicalCompositionLimits,A,forLowAlloySteelGradeUNSDesignationComposition,CarbonManga-nesePhospho-rusSul-furSiliconNickelChromiumMolybdenumVana-diumBoronNiobiumNitrogenAluminumTungstenOtherElementsT2K115470.10–0.200.30–0.610.0250.025B0.10–0.30...0.50–0.810.44–0.65.....................T5K415450.150.30–0.600.0250.0250.50...4.00–6.000.45–0.65.....................T5bK515450.150.30–0.600.0250.0251.00–2.00...4.00–6.000.45–0.65.....................T5cK412450.120.30–0.600.0250.0250.50...4.00–6.000.45–0.65..................Ti4xC–0.70T9K909410.150.30–0.600.0250.0250.25–1.00...8.00–10.000.90–1.10.....................T11K115970.05–0.150.30–0.600.0250.0250.50–1.00...1.00–1.500.44–0.65.....................T12K115620.05–0.150.30–0.610.0250.025B0.50...0.80–1.250.44–0.65.....................T17K120470.15–0.250.30–0.610.0250.0250.15–0.35...0.80–1.25...0.15..................T21K315450.05–0.150.30–0.600.0250.0250.50–1.00...2.65–3.350.80–1.06.....................T22K215900.05–0.150.30–0.600.0250.0250.50...1.90–2.600.87–1.13.....................T23K407120.04–0.100.10–0.600.0300.0100.500.401.90–2.600.05–0.300.20–0.300.0010–0.0060.02–0.080.0150.0301.45–1.75Ti0.005–0.060Ti/N3.5CT24K307360.05–0.100.30–0.700.0200.0100.15–0.45...2.20–2.600.90–1.100.20–0.300.0015–0.007...0.0120.02...Ti0.06–0.10T36K210010.10–0.170.80–1.200.0300.0250.25–0.501.00–1.300.300.25–0.500.02...0.015–0.0450.020.050...Cu0.50–0.80T91K909010.07–0.140.30–0.600.0200.0100.20–0.500.408.0–9.50.85–1.050.18–0.25...0.06–0.100.030–0.0700.02...Ti0.01Zr0.01T92K924600.07–0.130.30–0.600.0200.0100.500.408.5–9.50.30–0.600.15–0.250.001–0.0060.04–0.090.030–0.0700.021.5–2.00Ti0.01Zr0.01T122K912710.07–0.140.700.0200.0100.500.5010.0–11.50.25–0.600.15–0.300.0005–0.0050.04–0.100.040–0.1000.021.50–2.50Cu0.30–1.70Ti0.01Zr0.01T911K910610.09–0.130.30–0.600.0200.0100.10–0.500.408.5–9.50.90–1.100.18–0.250.0003–0.0060.06–0.100.040–0.0900.020.90–1.10Ti0.01Zr0.01AMaximum,unlessrangeorminimumisindicated.Whereellipses...appearinthistable,thereisnorequirement,andanalysisfortheelementneednotbedeterminedorreported.BItispermissibletoorderT2andT12withasulfurcontentof0.045max.See16.3.CAlternatively,inlieuofthisratiominimum,thematerialshallhaveaminimumhardnessof275HVinthehardenedcondition,definedasafteraustenitizingandcoolingtoroomtemperaturebutpriortotempering.Hardnesstestingshallbeperformedatmid-thicknessoftheproduct.Hardnesstestfrequencyshallbetwosamplesofproductperheattreatmentlotandthehardnesstestingresultsshallbereportedonthematerialtestreport.A213/A213M − 15c2TABLE2ChemicalCompositionLimits,A,forAusteniticandFerriticStainlessSteelGradeUNSDesignationCompositionCarbonManga-nesePhospho-rusSulfurSiliconChromiumNickelMolybdenumNitrogenBNiobiumTitaniumOtherElementsTP201S201000.155.5–7.50.0600.0301.0016.0–18.03.5–5.5...0.25.........TP202S202000.157.5–10.00.0600.0301.0017.0–19.04.0–6.0...0.25.........XM-19S209100.064.0–6.00.0450.0301.0020.5–23.511.5–13.51.50–3.000.20–0.400.10–0.30...V0.10–0.30CS215000.06–0.155.5–7.00.0450.0300.20–1.0014.0–16.09.0–11.00.80–1.20...0.75–1.25...B0.003–0.009,V0.15–0.40CS257000.022.000.0250.0106.5–8.08.0–11.522.0–25.00.50............TP304S304000.082.000.0450.0301.0018.0–20.08.0–11.0...............TP304LS304030.035D2.000.0450.0301.0018.0–20.08.0–12.0...............TP304HS304090.04–0.102.000.0450.0301.0018.0–20.08.0–11.0...............CS304320.07–0.131.000.0400.0100.3017.0–19.07.5–10.5...0.05–0.120.30–0.60...Al0.003–0.030,B0.001–0.010,Cu2.5–3.5CS304340.07–0.142.000.0400.0101.0017.5–19.59.0–12.0......0.10–0.40E0.10–0.25EB0.001–0.004Cu2.50–3.50TP304NS304510.082.000.0450.0301.0018.0–20.08.0–11.0...0.10–0.16.........TP304LNS304530.035D2.000.0450.0301.0018.0–20.08.0–11.0...0.10–0.16.........CS306150.016–0.242.000.0300.0303.2–4.017.0–19.513.5–16.0............Al0.8–1.5CS308150.05–0.100.800.0400.0301.40–2.0020.0–22.010.0–12.0...0.14–0.20......Ce0.03–0.08TP309SS309080.082.000.0450.0301.0022.0–24.012.0–15.0...............TP309HS309090.04–0.102.000.0450.0301.0022.0–24.012.0–15.0...............TP309LMoNS309250.0252.000.0400.0300.7023.0–26.013.0–16.00.5–1.20.25–0.40.........TP309CbS309400.082.000.0450.0301.0022.0–24.012.0–16.0......10xC–1.10......TP309HCbS309410.04–0.102.000.0450.0301.0022.0–24.012.0–16.0......10xC-1.10.........S309420.03–0.102.000.0400.0301.0021.0–23.014.5–16.50.10–0.200.50–0.80B0.001–0.005CS310020.022.000.0200.0150.1524.0–26.019.0–22.00.100.10.........TP310SS310080.082.000.0450.0301.0024.0–26.019.0–22.0...............TP310HS310090.04–0.102.000.0450.0301.0024.0–26.019.0–22.0...............TP310MoCbNS310250.101.500.0300.0301.0019.5–23.023.0–26.01.0–2.00.10–0.250.10–0.400.20B0.002–0.010S310350.04–0.100.600.0250.0150.4021.5–23.523.5–26.5...0.20–0.300.40–0.60...W3.0–4.0Co1.0–2.0Cu2.5–3.5B0.002–0.008TP310CbS310400.082.000.0450.0301.0024.0–26.019.0–22.0......10xC-1.10......TP310HCbS310410.04–0.102.000.0450.0301.0024.0–26.019.0–22.0......10xC-1.10......TP310HCbNS310420.04–0.102.000.0450.0301.0024.0–26.019.0–22.0...0.15–0.350.20–0.60......TP310MoLNS310500.0252.000.0200.0300.4024.0–26.021.0–23.02.00–3.000.10–0.16.........CS310600.05–0.101.000.0400.0300.5022.0–24.010.0–12.5...0.18–0.25......CeLa0.025–0.070B0.001–0.010CS312540.0201.000.0300.0100.8019.5–20.517.5–18.56.0–6.50.18–0.22......Cu0.50–1.00...S312660.0302.00–4.000.0350.0201.0023.0–25.021.0–24.05.2–6.20.35–0.60......Cu1.00–2.00W1.50–2.50A213/A213M − 15c3TABLE2ContinuedGradeUNSDesignationCompositionCarbonManga-nesePhospho-rusSulfurSiliconChromiumNickelMolybdenumNitrogenBNiobiumTitaniumOtherElementsCS312720.08–0.121.50–2.000.0300.0150.30–0.7014.0–16.014.0–16.01.00–1.40......0.30–0.60B0.004–0.008CS312770.0203.000.0300.0100.5020.5–23.026.0–28.06.5–8.00.30–0.40......Cu0.50–1.50TP316S316000.082.000.0450.0301.0016.0–18.010.0–14.02.00–3.00............TP316LS316030.035D2.000.0450.0301.0016.0–18.010.0–14.02.00–3.00............TP316HS316090.04–0.102.000.0450.0301.0016.0–18.011.0–14.02.00–3.00............TP316TiS316350.082.000.0450.0300.7516.0–18.010.0–14.02.00–3.000.10...5XCN–0.70...TP316NS316510.082.000.0450.0301.0016.0–18.010.0–13.02.00–3.000.10–0.16.........TP316LNS316530.035D2.000.0450.0301.0016.0–18.010.0–13.02.00–3.000.10–0.16.........TP317S317000.082.000.0450.0301.0018.0–20.011.0–15.03.0–4.0............TP317LS317030.0352.000.0450.0301.0018.0–20.011.0–15.03.0–4.0............TP317LMS317250.032.000.0450.0301.0018.0–20.013.5–17.54.0–5.00.20......Cu0.75TP317LMNS317260.032.000.0450.0301.0017.0–20.013.5–17.54.0–5.00.10–0.20......Cu0.75CS317300.0302.000.0400.0101.0017.0–19.015.0–16.53.0–4.00.045......Cu4.0–5.0CS320500.0301.500.0350.0201.0022.0–24.020.0–23.06.0–6.80.21–0.32......Cu0.40TP321S321000.082.000.0450.0301.0017.0–19.09.0–12.0.........5CN–0.70...TP321HS321090.04–0.102.000.0450.0301.0017.0–19.09.0–12.0.........4CN–0.70...CS326150.072.000.0450.0304.8–6.016.5–19.519.0–22.00.30–1.50.........Cu1.50–2.50CS332280.04–0.081.000.0200.0150.3026.0–28.031.0–33.0......0.60–1.00...Ce0.05–0.10,Al0.025CS345650.0305.0–7.00.0300.0101.0023.0–25.016.0–18.04.0–5.00.40–0.600.10......TP347S347000.082.000.0450.0301.0017.0–20.09.0–13.0......10xC–1.10......TP347WS347050.052.000.0400.0301.0017.0–20.08.00–11.0...0.10–0.250.25–0.50...V0.20–0.50W1.50–2.60TP347HS347090.04–0.102.000.0450.0301.0017.0–19.09.0–13.0......8xC–1.10......TP347HFGS347100.06–0.102.000.0450.0301.0017.0–19.09.0–13.0......8xC–1.10......TP347LNS347510.005–0.0202.000.0450.0301.0017.0–19.09.0–13.0...0.06–0.100.20–0.50F......TP348S348000.082.000.0450.0301.0017.0–19.09.0–13.0......G...Co0.20,Ta0.10TP348HS348090.04–0.102.000.0450.0301.0017.0–19.09.0–13.0......H...Co0.20,Ta0.10...S350450.06–0.101.500.0450.0151.0025.0–29.032.0–37.0.........0.15–0.60Al0.15–0.60Cu0.75XM-15S381000.082.000.0300.0301.50–2.5017.0–19.017.5–18.5..................S388150.0302.000.0400.0205.5–6.513.0–15.015.0–17.00.75–1.50.........Cu0.75–1.50Al0.30Alloy20N080200.0702.000.0450.0351.0019.0-21.032.0-38.02.00-3.00...M...Cu3.00-4.00N080280.0302.500.0300.0301.026.0-28.030.0-34.03.0-4.0Cu0.6-1.4N080290.0202.00.0250.0150.626.0-28.030.0-34.04.0-5.0Cu0.6-1.4CN083670.0302.000.0400.0301.0020.0-22.023.5-25.56.00-7.000.18-0.25......Cu0.75800N088000.101.500.0450.0151.0019.0–23.030.0–35.0......Cu0.75Al0.15–0.60Ti0.15–0.60FeI39.5minA213/A213M − 15c4TABLE2ContinuedGradeUNSDesignationCompositionCarbonManga-nesePhospho-rusSulfurSiliconChromiumNickelMolybdenumNitrogenBNiobiumTitaniumOtherElements800HN088100.05–0.101.500.0450.0151.0019.0–23.030.0–35.0......Cu0.75Al0.15–0.60Ti0.15–0.60FeI39.5min...N088110.06–0.101.500.0450.0151.0019.0–23.030.0–35.0......Cu0.75Al0.15–0.60JTi0.15–0.60JFeI39.5minN089040.0202.000.0400.0301.0019.0–23.023.0–28.04.0–5.00.10Cu1.00–2.00...N089250.0201.000.0450.0300.5019.0–21.024.0–26.06.0–7.00.10–0.20......Cu0.80–1.50...N089260.0202.000.0300.0100.5019.0–21.024.0–26.06.0–7.00.15–0.25......Cu0.50–1.50TP444S444000.031.000.0400.0301.0017.5–19.5K1.75–2.500.035...L...AMaximum,unlessarangeorminimumisindicated.Whereellipses...appearinthistable,thereisnominimumandanalysisfortheelementneednotbedeterminedorreported.BThemethodofanalysisforNitrogenshallbeamatterofagreementbetweenthepurchaserandtheproducer.CForthesealloys,thereisnocommongradedesignation.TheUNSnumberuniquelyidentifiesthesealloys.DForsmalldiameterorthinwalls,orboth,wheremanydrawingpassesarerequired,acarbonmaximumof0.040isnecessaryinGradesTP304L,TP304LN,TP316L,andTP316LN.EGradeS30434shallhaveTi1⁄2Nbofnotlessthan2timesandnotmorethan4timesthecarboncontent.FGradeTP347LNshallhaveanNbcontentofnotlessthan15timesthecarboncontent.GGradeTP348shallhaveanNbTacontentofnotlessthan10timesthecarboncontentandnotmorethan1.10.HGradeTP348HshallhaveanNbTacontentofnotlessthan8timesthecarboncontentandnotmorethan1.10.IIronshallbedeterminedarithmeticallybydifferenceof100minusthesumoftheotherspecifiedelements.JAlTishallbe0.85min;1.20max.KGradeTP444shallhaveNiCu1.00max.LGradeTP444shallhaveTiNbcontentnotlessthan0.204CNandnotmorethan0.80.MN08020shallhaveanNbTacontentofnotlessthan8timesthecarboncontentandnotmorethan1.00.A213/A213M − 15c5TABLE 3 Heat Treatment and Grain Size RequirementsAGradeUNSNumberHeat Treat TypeAustenitizing/Solutioning/StabilizingTemperature,min or range F [C]Cooling MediaSubcritical Annealingor TemperingTemperature,min or range F [C]ASTMGrain Size No.BFerritic Alloy SteelsT2 K11547 full or isothermalanneal; or{{{{normalize andtemper; orsubcritical anneal {{1200 to 1350[650 to 730]{T5 K41545 full or isothermalanneal;

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