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ASTM A192 - A 192M - 02 (2012).pdf

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ASTM A192 - A 192M - 02 (2012).pdf

Designation A192/A192M − 02 Reapproved 2012Standard Specification forSeamless Carbon Steel Boiler Tubes for High-PressureService1This standard is issued under the fixed designation A192/A192M; the number immediately following the designation indicates the yearof original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval.A superscript epsilon indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.This standard has been approved for use by agencies of the Department of Defense.1. Scope1.1 This specification2covers minimum-wall-thickness,seamless carbon steel boiler and superheater tubes for high-pressure service.1.2 The tubing sizes and thicknesses usually furnished tothis specification are1⁄2 in. to 7 in. [12.7 to 177.8 mm] outsidediameter and 0.085 to 1.000 in. [2.2 to 25.4 mm], inclusive, inminimum wall thickness. Tubing having other dimensions maybe furnished, provided such tubes comply with all otherrequirements of this specification.1.3 Mechanical property requirements do not apply totubing smaller than1⁄8 in. [3.2 mm] inside diameter or 0.015 in.[0.4 mm] thickness.1.4 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI unitsare to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, theSI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in eachsystem are not exact equivalents; therefore, each system mustbe used independently of the other. Combining values from thetwo systems may result in nonconformance with the specifi-cation. The inch-pound units shall apply unless the “M”designation of this specification is specified in the order.2. Referenced Documents2.1 ASTM Standards3A450/A450M Specification for General Requirements forCarbon and Low Alloy Steel Tubes3. Ordering Information3.1 Orders for material under this specification shouldinclude the following, as required, to describe the desiredmaterial adequately3.1.1 Quantity feet, metres, or number of lengths,3.1.2 Name of material seamless tubes,3.1.3 Manufacture hot-finished or cold-finished,3.1.4 Size outside diameter and minimum wall thickness,3.1.5 Length specific or random,3.1.6 Optional requirements Section 8,3.1.7 Test report required see section on Certification ofSpecification A450/A450M,3.1.8 Specification designation, and3.1.9 Special requirements.4. General Requirements4.1 Material furnished under this specification shall con-form to the applicable requirements of the current edition ofSpecification A450/A450M, unless otherwise provided herein.5. Manufacture5.1 Tubes shall be made by the seamless process and shallbe either hot-finished or cold-finished, as specified.6. Heat Treatment6.1 Hot-finished tubes need not be heat treated. Cold-finished tubes shall be heat treated after the final cold-finishingat a temperature of 1200F [650C] or higher.7. Chemical Composition7.1 The steel shall conform to the following requirements asto chemical compositionCarbon, 0.06–0.18Manganese, 0.27–0.63Phosphorus, max, 0.035Sulfur, max, 0.035Silicon, max, 0.257.2 Supplying an alloy grade of steel that specificallyrequires the addition of any element other than those listed in7.1 is not permitted.1This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A01 on Steel,Stainless Steel and Related Alloys and is the direct responsibility of SubcommitteeA01.09 on Carbon Steel Tubular Products.Current edition approved Sept. 1, 2012. Published November 2012. Originallyapproved in 1936. Last previous edition approved in 2007 as A192/A192M–022007. DOI 10.1520/A0192_A0192M-02R12.2For ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code applications see related Specifi-cation SA-192 in Section II of that Code.3For referenced ASTM standards, visit the ASTM website, www.astm.org, orcontact ASTM Customer Service at serviceastm.org. For Annual Book of ASTMStandards volume information, refer to the standard’s Document Summary page onthe ASTM website.Copyright ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. United States1Copyright by ASTM Intl all rights reserved;8. Product Analysis8.1 When requested on the purchase order, a product analy-sis shall be made by the supplier from one tube per 100 piecesfor sizes over 3 in. [76.2 mm] and one tube per 250 pieces forsizes 3 in. [76.2 mm] and under; or when tubes are identifiedby heat, one tube per heat shall be analyzed. The chemicalcomposition thus determined shall conform to the requirementsspecified.8.2 If the original test for product analysis fails, retests oftwo additional billets or tubes shall be made. Both retests, forthe elements in question, shall meet the requirements of thespecification; otherwise all remaining material in the heat or lotsee Note 1 shall be rejected or, at the option of the producer,each billet or tube may be individually tested for acceptance.Billets or tubes which do not meet the requirements of thespecification shall be rejected.NOTE 1Alot consists of 250 tubes for sizes 3 in. [76.2 mm] and underand of 100 tubes for sizes over 3 in. [76.2 mm], prior to cutting to length.9. Hardness Requirements9.1 The tubes shall have a hardness number not exceedingthe followingBrinell Hardness Number Tubes Rockwell Hardness Number0.200 in. [5.1 mm] and over in Tubes less than 0.200 in.wall thickness [5.1 mm] in wall thickness137 HB 77 HRB10. Mechanical Tests Required10.1 Flattening TestOne flattening test shall be made onspecimens from each end of two tubes selected from each lotsee Note 1 or fraction thereof.10.2 Flaring TestOne flaring test shall be made on speci-mens from each end of two tubes selected from each lot seeNote 1 or fraction thereof. These tubes shall be selected apartfrom those used for the flattening test.10.3 Hardness TestBrinell or Rockwell hardness testsshall be made on specimens from two tubes from each lot. Theterm lot applies to all tubes prior to cutting, of the samenominal diameter and wall thickness which are produced fromthe same heat of steel. When final heat treatment is in abatch-type furnace, a lot shall include only those tubes of thesame size and the same heat which are heat treated in the samefurnace charge. When the final heat treatment is in a continuousfurnace, a lot shall include all tubes of the same size and heat,heat treated in the same furnace at the same temperature, timeat heat, and furnace speed.10.4 Hydrostatic TestEach tube shall be subjected to thehydrostatic pressure test, or instead of this test, a nondestruc-tive test may be used when specified by the purchaser.11. Forming Operations11.1 Tubes when inserted in the boiler shall stand expandingand beading without showing cracks or flaws. Superheatertubes when properly manipulated shall stand all forging,welding, and bending operations necessary for applicationwithout developing defects.12. Product Marking12.1 In addition to the marking prescribed in SpecificationA450/A450M, the marking shall indicate whether the tube ishot finished or cold finished.13. Keywords13.1 boiler tubes; seamless steel tube; steel tube-carbonEXPLANATORY NOTESNOTE 1For purposes of design, the following tensile properties maybe assumedTensile strength, min, ksi [MPa] 47 [325]Yield strength, min, ksi [MPa] 26 [180]Elongation in 2 in. or 50 mm, min, 35ASTM International takes no position respecting the validity of any patent rights asserted in connection with any item mentionedin this standard. Users of this standard are expressly advised that determination of the validity of any such patent rights, and the riskof infringement of such rights, are entirely their own responsibility.This standard is subject to revision at any time by the responsible technical committee and must be reviewed every five years andif not revised, either reapproved or withdrawn. Your comments are invited either for revision of this standard or for additional standardsand should be addressed to ASTM International Headquarters. Your comments will receive careful consideration at a meeting of theresponsible technical committee, which you may attend. If you feel that your comments have not received a fair hearing you shouldmake your views known to the ASTM Committee on Standards, at the address shown below.This standard is copyrighted by ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959,United States. Individual reprints single or multiple copies of this standard may be obtained by contacting ASTM at the aboveaddress or at 610-832-9585 phone, 610-832-9555 fax, or serviceastm.org e-mail; or through the ASTM websitewww.astm.org. Permission rights to photocopy the standard may also be secured from the ASTM website www.astm.org/COPYRIGHT/.A192/A192M − 02 20122Copyright by ASTM Intl all rights reserved;

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