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ASTM A116 - 11.pdf

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ASTM A116 - 11.pdf

Designation A116 − 11Standard Specification forMetallic-Coated, Steel-Woven Wire Fence Fabric1This standard is issued under the fixed designation A116; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year oforiginal adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval. Asuperscript epsilon indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.This standard has been approved for use by agencies of the U.S. Department of Defense.1. Scope1.1 This specification covers metallic-coated steel fencefabric having a series of horizontal line wires, with verticalstay wires either wrapped around the line wire hinge joint orfixed with another separate wire to the line wire continuousstay fixed knot joint, forming rectangular openings. The fencefabric is suitable for use in fences for farm field enclosure tokeep domestic animals in or out, for wildlife and exotic animalcontrol, for highway or railroad right-of-way fencing tocontrol access, and other similar uses.1.2 This specification covers fence fabric in various designs,tensile strength grades, and metallic coating types and grades.1.3 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regardedas standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematicalconversions to SI units that are provided for information onlyand are not considered standard.1.4 The text of this specification references notes andfootnotes which provide explanatory material. These notes andfootnotes excluding those in tables and figures shall not beconsidered as requirements of the specification.2. Referenced Documents2.1 ASTM Standards2A90/A90M Test Method for Weight [Mass] of Coating onIron and Steel Articles with Zinc or Zinc-Alloy CoatingsA370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testingof Steel ProductsA428/A428M Test Method for Weight [Mass] of Coating onAluminum-Coated Iron or Steel ArticlesA510 Specification for General Requirements for Wire Rodsand Coarse Round Wire, Carbon SteelA641/A641M Specification for Zinc–Coated GalvanizedCarbon Steel WireA700 Guide for Packaging, Marking, and Loading Methodsfor Steel Products for ShipmentA809 Specification for Aluminum-Coated AluminizedCarbon Steel WireA856/A856M Specification for Zinc-5 Aluminum-Mischmetal Alloy-Coated Carbon Steel WireA902 Terminology Relating to Metallic Coated Steel Prod-ucts2.2 U.S. Federal StandardFed. Std. No. 123 Marking for Shipments Civil Agencies32.3 U.S. Military StandardsMIL-STD-129 Marking for Shipment and Storage3MIL-STD-163 Steel Mill Products, Preparation for Ship-ments and Storage33. Terminology3.1 DefinitionsFor definitions of terms used in thisspecification, refer to Terminology A902.3.2 Definitions of Terms Specific to This Standard3.2.1 continuous stay fixed knot joint, nhorizontal linewire and vertical stay wire joint made by fastening continuousstay wires to line wires by tying them together with a separatepiece of knot wire at each joint.3.2.2 hinge joint, nhorizontal line wire and vertical staywire joint made by wrapping stay wire around line wires.3.2.3 intermediate wires, nline wires other than top andbottom wires.3.2.4 top and bottom wires, nline wires at the edge of thefence fabric the top and bottom edges as erected.4. Ordering Information4.1 Orders for material under this specification shall includethe following information, as necessary to describe eachproduct ordered.1This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A05 onMetallic-Coated Iron and Steel Products and is the direct responsibility ofSubcommittee A05.12 on Wire Specifications.Current edition approved May 1, 2011. Published May 2011. Originallyapproved in 1927. Last previous edition approved in 2005 as A116 - 05. DOI10.1520/A0116-11.2For referenced ASTM standards, visit the ASTM website, www.astm.org, orcontact ASTM Customer Service at serviceastm.org. For Annual Book of ASTMStandards volume information, refer to the standard’s Document Summary page onthe ASTM website.3Available from Standardization Documents Order Desk, DODSSP, Bldg. 4,Section D, 700 Robbins Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19111-5098, http//dodssp.daps.dla.mil.Copyright ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. United States14.1.1 Name of material and joint style woven steel fencefabric with hinge joint or continuous stay fixed knot joint;4.1.2 Quantity number of rolls;4.1.3 Design NumberNumber describing standard sizesand construction of the fabric as listed in Table 1;NOTE 1The design numbers are related to the characteristics of theconstruction of the fence fabric. The design number indicates the numberof line wires, approximate height, stay wire spacing, and size gage of theline and stay wires.4.1.4 Fabric LengthWhen length is not specified by theorder fabric is furnished to the standard length of 330 ft 101m;4.1.5 Tensile Strength GradeThe fabric is available instrength grades of 60, 125, and 175 see Table 1;4.1.6 Metallic Coating Type;4.1.6.1 Coating Type AMade from aluminum coatedwire.4.1.6.2 Coating Type ZMade from zinc coated wire.4.1.6.3 Coating Type ZAMade from Zn-5 Al-miscmetal alloy Zn-5Al-MM coated wire.4.1.7 Metallic Coating Class see Table 2;4.1.8 ASTM designation and year of issue, and4.1.9 Certification, or test report, or both, if required seeSection 10.NOTE 2A typical ordering description is as follows Woven-steelfence fabric, hinge joint, 60 rolls, Design Number 1047-6-121⁄2, rolllength 330 ft, Grade 60, Coating Type Z, Coating Class 3, to ASTMA116-___, with certification.4.2 All rolls of fence fabric accepted by the purchaser shallbe billed on the basis of the original length of the rolls beforesampling unless changed by contractual agreement.5. Material5.1 WireThe steel wire shall be coated prior to fabrication,to the coating class specified in the order, the coating weightmass conforming to the requirements of Table 2. Coated wireshall be produced to the following applicable specifications5.1.1 Coating Type ASpecification A809;5.1.2 Coating Type ZSpecification A641/A641M;5.1.3 Coating Type ZASpecification A856/A856M.5.2 Coated Wire SizeCoated wire gage sizes shown inTable 1, Table 2, and Table 3 corresponds to steel wire gagesizes listed in Specification A510, within the tolerances statedin Section 7.6. General Requirements6.1 ConstructionThe sizes and constructions for fencefabric furnished under this specification shall be in accordancewith the requirements of Table 1 for the design numberspecified in the order, within the tolerances stated in Section 7.Designs other than specified in the table can be manufacturedupon agreement between purchaser and producer. Each designcan be manufactured with hinge joint or continuous stay fixedknot joint.6.2 Horizontal WireHorizontal wires of all woven fencingshall be furnished with tension curves, at least one tensioncurve per each 9 in. 229 mm of horizontal line wire.6.3 SplicesSplicing of the individual line wires by meansof a wrap joint, mechanical fasteners, or an electric buttweld ispermitted. The maximum number of line wire splices or jointsshall not exceed one-half of the number of line wires in any330 ft 101 m 20 rod roll of fabric. Such splices and jointsshall be made in a workman-like manner and welded jointsshall be coated with the corresponding Type A, Z, or ZA-coating material to provide corrosion protection equivalent tothe type of coated wire being used.6.4 Stay WiresStay wires shall be uniformly spaced andsubstantially perpendicular to the line wires. Tie wire used forthe continuous stay fixed knot joint style fabric shall beminimum 13.5 gage and of the same coating type and class asstay wire.6.5 Fence Fabric LengthThe length of fence fabric in aroll shall be 330 ft 101 m 20 rod. Fabric length other than330 ft can be manufactured upon agreement between purchaserand producer.6.6 Breaking StrengthThe breaking strength of line wiresshall conform to the requirements of Table 3 for the gradespecified in the order. There is no strength requirement for thestay wires for hinge joint style fabric. For Grade 175 continu-ous stay fixed knot joint style fabric, stay wire minimum tensilestrength is 100 ksi Grade 100.7. Permissible Variations in Dimensions7.1 Wire DiameterThe permissible variation of the wire,from the nominal diameter shown in Table 3, shall be 60.005in. 60.127 mm. Determine the diameter using a micrometeror other suitable measuring instrument, based on the greatestand least measurement at the same cross-section, with mea-surement to the nearest 0.001 in. 0.025 mm. The average ofthe two measurements shall be considered the diameter of thetest specimen.7.1.1 Out-of-RoundnessDue to the mechanics ofmanufacture, a certain amount of out-of-roundness is expectedon the stay wires of the finished fence fabric. No limits areplaced on out-of-roundness of the stay wires.7.2 Fabric HeightThe height of the woven wire fencefabric center-to-center distance between top and bottom wiresshall not vary more than 1 in. 25 mm from the specifiedheight shown in Table 1. The specified height of the fencefabric is based on the sum of the line wire spacings shown inFig. 1, Fig. 2,orFig. 3.7.3 Stay Wire SpacingThe spacing between individualpairs of stay wires, shall not vary from the nominal dimensionsmore than3⁄8 in. 10 mm for 3 in. and 6 in. spacing and nomore than3⁄4 in. 19 mm for 12 in. spacing product.7.4 Horizontal Line Wire SpacingThe spacing betweenhorizontal wires shall be as illustrated in Fig. 1, Fig. 2, and Fig.3. Alternative spacing to that illustrated in Fig. 1, Fig. 2, andFig. 3 is acceptable for given design number when agreed uponbetween purchaser and producer, providing that the totalnumber of line wires remains unchanged. The spacing betweenindividual pairs of horizontal wires shall not vary from theaccepted nominal dimensions by more than3⁄8 in. 10 mm.A116 − 112TABLE 1 Design Numbers for Woven Wire Fence Fabric, Hinge Joint or Continuous Stay Fixed Knot JointNOTE 1Design combinations other than listed in the table can be manufactured upon purchaser’s request.NOTE 2Each design can be manufactured with hinge joint or continuous stay fixed knot joint.Design NumbersNumber ofHorizontal WiresNominal Fence Height,in. cmSpacing of StayWires, in. cmSize, Steel Wire GageIntermediate Lineand Stay WiresTop andBottom WiresNo. 9 Grade 601155-12-9 11 55 140 12 30 9 91047-12-9 10 47 119 12 30 9 9939-12-9 9 39 99 12 30 9 9832-12-9 8 32 81 12 30 9 9726-12-9 7 26 66 12 30 9 9949-12-9 9 49 124 12 30 9 9845-12-9 8 45 114 12 30 9 9635-12-9 6 35 89 12 30 9 91155-6-9 11 55 140 6 15 9 91047-6-9 10 47 119 6 15 9 9726-6-9 7 26 66 6 15 9 9No. 11 Grade 601047-12-11 10 47 119 12 30 11 9939-12-11 9 39 99 12 30 11 9832-12-11 8 32 81 12 30 11 9726-12-11 7 26 66 12 30 11 9845-12-11 8 45 114 12 30 11 9635-12-11 6 35 89 12 30 11 91047-6-11 10 47 119 6 15 11 9939-6-11 9 39 99 6 15 11 9832-6-11 8 32 81 6 15 11 9726-6-11 7 26 66 6 15 11 9No. 121⁄2 Grade 601047-12-121⁄2 10 47 119 12 30 121⁄2 10939-12-121⁄2 9 39 99 12 30 121⁄2 10832-12-121⁄2 8 32 81 12 30 121⁄2 10726-12-121⁄2 7 26 66 12 30 121⁄2 10845-12-121⁄2 8 45 114 12 30 121⁄2 10635-12-121⁄2 6 35 89 12 30 121⁄2 101047-6-121⁄2 10 47 119 6 15 121⁄2 10939-6-121⁄2 9 39 99 6 15 121⁄2 10832-6-121⁄2 8 32 81 6 15 121⁄2 10726-6-121⁄2 7 26 66 6 15 121⁄2 10No. 141⁄2 Grade 60939-6-141⁄2 9 39 99 6 15 141⁄2 11832-6-141⁄2 8 32 81 6 15 141⁄2 11726-6-141⁄2 7 26 66 6 15 141⁄2 11No. 121⁄2 Grade 1251047-12-121⁄2 10 47 119 12 30 121⁄2 101⁄2939-12-121⁄2 9 39 99 12 30 121⁄2 101⁄2832-12-121⁄2 8 32 81 12 30 121⁄2 101⁄2726-12-121⁄2 7 26 66 12 30 121⁄2 101⁄21047-6-121⁄2 10 47 119 6 15 121⁄2 101⁄2939-6-121⁄2 9 39 99 6 15 121⁄2 101⁄2832-6-121⁄2 8 32 81 6 15 121⁄2 101⁄2726-6-121⁄2 7 26 66 6 15 121⁄2 101⁄2No. 121⁄2 Grade 1251478-6-121⁄2 14 78 198 6 15 121⁄2 121⁄2No. 14 Grade 1251047-12-14 10 47 119 12 30 14 121⁄2939-12-14 9 39 99 12 30 14 121⁄2832-12-14 8 32 81 12 30 14 121⁄2726-12-14 7 26 66 12 30 14 121⁄21047-6-14 10 47 119 6 15 14 121⁄2939-6-14 9 39 99 6 15 14 121⁄2832-6-14 8 32 81 6 15 14 121⁄2726-6-14 7 26 66 6 15 14 121⁄2No. 141⁄2 Grade 1251047-12-141⁄2 10 47 119 12 30 141⁄2 121⁄2939-12-141⁄2 9 39 99 12 30 141⁄2 121⁄2832-12-141⁄2 8 32 81 12 30 141⁄2 121⁄2726-12-141⁄2 7 26 66 12 30 141⁄2 121⁄21047-6-141⁄2 10 47 119 6 15 141⁄2 121⁄2939-6-141⁄2 9 39 99 6 15 141⁄2 121⁄2832-6-141⁄2 8 32 81 6 15 141⁄2 121⁄2726-6-141⁄2 7 26 66 6 15 141⁄2 121⁄2No. 121⁄2 Grade 175. For continuous stay fixed knot joint style fabric, stay wire minimum tensile strength is 100 ksi, ties wire diameter is minimum 13.5 GA1375-12-121⁄2 13 75 191 12 30 121⁄2 121⁄2A116 − 113The tolerance of the line wires spacing shall not alter thetolerance on the overall height of the fence fabric.7.5 Fence Fabric LengthThe length of fence fabric in aroll shall be the specified length within a tolerance of –0 and3 .8. Sampling and Testing8.1 Unless otherwise specified in the purchase order orcontract, the manufacturer is responsible for the performanceof all inspection and test requirements specified in this speci-fication. Except as otherwise specified in the purchase order orcontract, the manufacturer may use any suitable facilities forthe performance of the inspection and test requirements unlessdisapproved by the purchaser at the time the order is placed.The purchaser shall have the right to perform any of theinspection and tests set forth in this specification when suchinspections and tests are deemed necessary to assure that thematerial conforms to prescribed requirements.TABLE 1 ContinuedDesign NumbersNumber ofHorizontal WiresNominal Fence Height,in. cmSpacing of StayWires, in. cmSize, Steel Wire GageIntermediate Lineand Stay WiresTop andBottom Wires1047-12-121⁄2 10 47 119 12 30 121⁄2 121⁄22096-12-121⁄2 20 96 244 12 30 121⁄2 121⁄21796-12-121⁄2 17 96 244 12 30 121⁄2 121⁄21886-12-121⁄2 18 86 218 12 30 121⁄2 121⁄21775-12-121⁄2 17 75 191 12 30 121⁄2 121⁄21584-12-121⁄2 15 84 213 12 30 121⁄2 121⁄21561-12-121⁄2 15 61 155 12 30 121⁄2 121⁄21348-12-121⁄2 13 48 122 12 30 121⁄2 121⁄21060-12-121⁄2 10 60 152 12 30 121⁄2 121⁄2949-12-121⁄2 9 49 124 12 30 121⁄2 121⁄2842-12-121⁄2 8 42 107 12 30 121⁄2 121⁄21047-9-121⁄2 10 47 119 9 23 121⁄2 121⁄223120-6-121⁄2 23 120 305 6 15 121⁄2 121⁄22096-6-121⁄2 20 96 244 6 15 121⁄2 121⁄21796-6-121⁄2 17 96 244 6 15 121⁄2 121⁄21886-6-121⁄2 18 86 218 6 15 121⁄2 121⁄21584-6-121⁄2 15 84 213 6 15 121⁄2 121⁄21348-6-121⁄2 13 48 122 6 15 121⁄2 121⁄21060-6-121⁄2 10 60 152 6 15 121⁄2 121⁄2949-6-121⁄2 9 49 124 6 15 121⁄2 121⁄2842-6-

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