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ASTM A1064 - A 1064M - 15.pdf

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ASTM A1064 - A 1064M - 15.pdf

Designation A1064/A1064M − 15Standard Specification forCarbon-Steel Wire and Welded Wire Reinforcement, Plainand Deformed, for Concrete1This standard is issued under the fixed designation A1064/A1064M; the number immediately following the designation indicates theyear of original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of lastreapproval. A superscript epsilon indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.1. Scope*1.1 This specification covers carbon-steel wire and weldedwire reinforcement produced from hot-rolled rod to be used forthe reinforcement of concrete. The steel wire is cold-worked,drawn or rolled, plain non-deformed, as-drawn or galvanized,or deformed. Welded wire reinforcement is made from plain ordeformed wire, or a combination of plain and deformed wire.Common wire sizes and dimensions are given in Table 1, Table2, Table 3, and Table 4. Actual wire sizes are not restricted tothose shown in the tables.NOTE 1Welded wire for concrete reinforcement has historically beendescribed by various terms welded wire fabric, WWF, fabric, and mesh.The wire reinforcement industry has adopted the term welded wirereinforcement WWR as being more representative of the applications ofthe products being manufactured. Therefore, the term welded wire fabrichas been replaced with the term welded wire reinforcement in thisspecification and in related specifications.1.2 The values stated in either inch-pound or SI units are tobe regarded separately as standard. Within the text the SI unitsare shown in brackets except in Table 2 and Table 4. Thevalues stated in each system are not exact equivalents;therefore, each system must be used independently of the other.Combining values may result in nonconformance with thespecification.1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of thesafety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is theresponsibility of the user of this standard to establish appro-priate safety and health practices and determine the applica-bility of regulatory limitations prior to use.2. Referenced Documents2.1 ASTM Standards2A370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testingof Steel ProductsA641/A641M Specification for Zinc–Coated GalvanizedCarbon Steel WireA700 Guide for Packaging, Marking, and Loading Methodsfor Steel Products for ShipmentE83 Practice for Verification and Classification of Exten-someter Systems2.2 U.S. Military Standard3MIL-STD-129 Marking for Shipment and Storage2.3 U.S. Military Standard3Fed. Std. No. 123 Marking for Shipments Civil Agencies2.4 American Concrete Institute ACI Standard4ACI 318 Building Code Requirements for Structural Con-crete2.5 AdjunctsWeld Tester Drawing53. Terminology3.1 Definitions of Terms Specific to This Standard3.1.1 convoluted wirewhen wire for welded wire rein-forcement is formed into a sinusoidal wave shape, it iscommonly referred to as convoluted wire. The wire is used inthe manufacture of cages for certain applications of concretepipe reinforcement. Deformed wire is not subject to convolu-tion unless agreed upon by the purchaser and manufacturer.3.1.2 deformed wire and welded deformed wirereinforcementas used within the scope and intent of thisspecification, designates a material composed of cold-workeddeformed steel wire as cold-drawn or cold-rolled from hot-rolled steel rod. Deformations can be indented or raised ribprotrusion types. The deformations and the welded intersec-tions provide bond strength for shear resistance.1This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A01 on Steel,Stainless Steel and Related Alloys and is the direct responsibility of SubcommitteeA01.05 on Steel Reinforcement.Current edition approved March 1, 2015. Published May 2015. Originallyapproved in 2009. Last previous edition approved in 2014 as A1064/A1064M – 14.DOI 10.1520/A1064_A1064M-15.2For referenced ASTM standards, visit the ASTM website, www.astm.org, orcontact ASTM Customer Service at serviceastm.org. For Annual Book of ASTMStandards volume information, refer to the standard’s Document Summary page onthe ASTM website.3Available from Standardization Documents Order Desk, DODSSP, Bldg. 4,Section D, 700 Robbins Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19111-5098, http//www.dodssp.daps.mil.4Available from American Concrete Institute ACI, P.O. Box 9094, FarmingtonHills, MI 48333-9094, http//www.concrete.org.5Available from ASTM International Headquarters. Order Adjunct No.ADJA0185. Original adjunct produced in 1967.*A Summary of Changes section appears at the end of this standardCopyright ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. United States13.1.3 plain wire and welded plain wire reinforcementasused within the scope and intent of this specification, desig-nates a material composed of cold-worked steel wire, asTABLE 1 Dimensional Requirements for Plain WireInch-Pound UnitsASizeNumberB,C,DNominal Diameterin. [mm]ENominal Areain.2[mm2]W 0.5 0.080 [2.03] 0.005 [3.23]W 1.2 0.124 [3.14] 0.012 [7.74]W 1.4 0.134 [3.39] 0.014 [9.03]W 2 0.160 [4.05] 0.020 [12.9]W 2.5 0.178 [4.53] 0.025 [16.1]W 2.9 0.192 [4.88] 0.029 [18.7]W 3.5 0.211 [5.36] 0.035 [22.6]W 4 0.226 [5.73] 0.040 [25.8]W 4.5 0.239 [6.08] 0.045 [29.0]W 5 0.252 [6.41] 0.050 [32.3]W 5.5 0.265 [6.72] 0.055 [35.5]W 6 0.276 [7.02] 0.060 [38.7]W 8 0.319 [8.11] 0.080 [51.6]W 10 0.357 [9.06] 0.100 [64.5]W 11 0.374 [9.50] 0.110 [71.0]W 12 0.391 [9.93] 0.120 [77.4]W 14 0.422 [10.7] 0.140 [90.3]W 16 0.451 [11.5] 0.160 [103]W 18 0.479 [12.2] 0.180 [116]W 20 0.505 [12.8] 0.200 [129]W 22 0.529 [13.4] 0.220 [142]W 24 0.553 [14.0] 0.240 [155]W 26 0.575 [14.6] 0.260 [168]W 28 0.597 [15.2] 0.280 [181]W 30 0.618 [15.7] 0.300 [194]W 31 0.628 [16.0] 0.310 [200]W 45 0.757 [19.2] 0.450 [290]ATable 1 should be used on projects that are designed using inch-pound units; Table 2 should be used on projects that are designed using SI units.BThe number following the prefix indicates the nominal cross-sectional area of the wire in square inches multiplied by 100.CFor sizes other than those shown above, the Size Number shall be the number of one hundredth of a square inch in the nominal area of the wire cross section, prefixedby the W.DThese sizes represent the most readily available sizes in the welded wire reinforcement industry. Other wire sizes are available and many manufactures can producethem in 0.0015 in.2increments.EThe nominal diameter is based on the nominal area of the wire.TABLE 2 Dimensional Requirements for Plain WireSI UnitsASize NumberB, C, DNominal Diametermm [in.]ENominal Areamm2[in.2]MW 5 2.52 [0.099] 5 [0.008]MW 10 3.57 [0.140] 10 [0.016]MW 15 4.37 [0.172] 15 [0.023]MW 20 5.05 [0.199] 20 [0.031]MW 25 5.64 [0.222] 25 [0.039]MW 30 6.18 [0.243] 30 [0.047]MW 35 6.68 [0.263] 35 [0.054]MW 40 7.14 [0.281] 40 [0.062]MW 45 7.57 [0.298] 45 [0.070]MW 50 7.98 [0.314] 50 [0.078]MW 55 8.37 [0.329] 55 [0.085]MW 60 8.74 [0.344] 60 [0.093]MW 65 9.10 [0.358] 65 [0.101]MW 70 9.44 [0.372] 70 [0.109]MW 80 10.1 [0.397] 80 [0.124]MW 90 10.7 [0.421] 90 [0.140]MW 100 11.3 [0.444] 100 [0.155]MW 120 12.4 [0.487] 120 [0.186]MW 130 12.9 [0.507] 130 [0.202]MW 200 16.0 [0.628] 200 [0.310]MW 290 19.2 [0.757] 290 [0.450]AThe wire sizes in Table 1 should be used on projects that are designed using inch-pound units; the wire sizes in Table 2 should be used on projects that are designedusing SI units.BThe number following the prefix indicates the nominal cross-sectional area of the wire in square milimetres.CFor sizes other than those shown above, the Size Number shall be the number of square millimetres in the nominal area of the wire cross section, prefixed by the MW.DThese sizes represent the most readily available sizes in the welded wire reinforcement industry. Other wire sizes are available and many manufactures can producethem in 1 mm2increments.EThe nominal diameter is based on the nominal area of the wire.A1064/A1064M − 152cold-drawn or cold-rolled from hot-rolled steel rod. Thewelded intersections provide the bond strength for shearresistance.4. Ordering Information4.1 It is the responsibility of the purchaser to specify allrequirements that are necessary for the manufacture anddelivery of the wire and welded wire reinforcement under thisspecification. Such requirements to be considered include, butare not limited to, the following4.1.1 Quantity weight [mass] or square area for weldedwire reinforcement;4.1.2 Name of material cold-drawn or rolled steel wire, orwelded wire reinforcement, plain or deformed, for concrete;4.1.3 Wire size number see Section 7, wire spacing, andsheet or roll width and length for welded wire reinforcement;4.1.4 Minimum yield strength or Grade;4.1.5 Yield strength measurement. The purchaser shallspecify the method for measuring yield strength see 7.1.4.2,7.2.5.2,or8.1.2 and has the options described in 12.3;4.1.6 Request for outside inspection if not requested, 14.1applies;4.1.7 Exclusion of over-steeling, if required see 10.4.2 and10.5.1;4.1.8 Packaging see Section 15;4.1.9 ASTM designation and year of issue; and4.1.10 Special requirements, if any.5. Materials5.1 The steel shall be made by any commercially acceptedprocess.TABLE 3 Dimensional Requirements for Deformed WireInch-Pound UnitsNominal Dimensions Deformation RequirementsDeformed Wire SizeA, B, C, DUnit Weight, lb/ft Diameter, in.ECross-Sectional Area, in.2 FMinimum Average Height ofDeformations, in.G, H, ID 1 0.034 0.113 0.010 0.0045D 2 0.068 0.160 0.020 0.0063D 3 0.102 0.195 0.030 0.0078D 4 0.136 0.226 0.040 0.0101D 5 0.170 0.252 0.050 0.0113D 6 0.204 0.276 0.060 0.0124D 7 0.238 0.299 0.070 0.0134D 8 0.272 0.319 0.080 0.0143D 9 0.306 0.339 0.090 0.0152D 10 0.340 0.357 0.100 0.0160D 11 0.374 0.374 0.110 0.0187D 12 0.408 0.391 0.120 0.0195D 13 0.442 0.407 0.130 0.0203D 14 0.476 0.422 0.140 0.0211D 15 0.510 0.437 0.150 0.0218D 16 0.544 0.451 0.160 0.0225D 17 0.578 0.465 0.170 0.0232D 18 0.612 0.479 0.180 0.0239D 19 0.646 0.492 0.190 0.0245D 20 0.680 0.505 0.200 0.0252D 21 0.714 0.517 0.210 0.0259D 22 0.748 0.529 0.220 0.0265D 23 0.782 0.541 0.230 0.0271D 24 0.816 0.553 0.240 0.0277D 25 0.850 0.564 0.250 0.0282D 26 0.884 0.575 0.260 0.0288D 27 0.918 0.586 0.270 0.0293D 28 0.952 0.597 0.280 0.0299D 29 0.986 0.608 0.290 0.0304D 30 1.02 0.618 0.300 0.0309D 31 1.05 0.628 0.310 0.0314D 45 1.53 0.757 0.450 0.0379AThe wire sizes in Table 3 should be used on projects that are designed using inch-pound units; the wire sizes in Table 4 should be used on projects that are designedusing SI units.BThe number following the prefix indicates the nominal cross-sectional area of the deformed wire in square inches multiplied by 100.CFor sizes other than those shown above, the Size Number shall be the number of one hundredths of a square inch in the nominal area of the deformed wire cross section,prefixed by the D.DThese sizes represent the most readily available sizes in the welded wire reinforcement industry. Other wire sizes are available and many manufacturers can producethem in 0.0015 in.2increments.EThe nominal diameter of a deformed wire is equivalent to the nominal diameter of a plain wire having the same weight per foot as the deformed wire.FThe cross-sectional area is based on the weight of the wire. The area in square inches may be calculated by dividing the weight in pounds by 0.2833 weightof1in.3of steel or by dividing the weight per lineal foot of specimen in pounds by 3.4 weight of steel 1 in. square and 1 foot long.GThe minimum average height of the deformations shall be determined from measurements made on not less than two typical deformations from each line of deformationson the wire. Measurements shall be made at the center of indentation or between two raised ribs as described in 7.2.4.7.HSpacing of deformations shall not be greater than 0.285 in. nor less than 0.182 in. for all wire sizes.ISee 7.2.4.3 for average number of deformations per unit length.A1064/A1064M − 1535.2 Unless otherwise specified, the wire shall be supplieduncoated. When plain wire is specified as galvanized, it shallbe galvanized at finish size as described in SpecificationA641/A641M.5.3 Wire used in the manufacture of welded wire reinforce-ment shall conform to this specification either solely or incombination of plain or deformed wire, or both.6. Manufacture6.1 The wire shall be cold-worked, drawn or rolled, fromrods that have been hot-rolled from billets.6.2 For welded wire reinforcement, the wires shall beassembled by automatic machines or by other suitable me-chanical means which will assure accurate spacing and align-ment of all wires of the finished product. The finished weldedwire reinforcement shall be furnished in flat or bent sheets orin rolls as specified by the purchaser.6.3 Longitudinal and transverse wires shall be securelyconnected at every intersection by a process of electricalresistance welding which employs the principle of fusioncombined with pressure.6.4 Welded wire reinforcement of proper yield strength andquality when manufactured in the manner herein required shallresult in a strong, serviceable mat-type product having sub-stantially square or rectangular openings, and shall conform tothis specification.NOTE 2A variation of manufacturing includes the application of oneor more longitudinal convoluted wires at one edge of welded wirereinforcement for concrete pipe reinforcing cages. This shape allows thecage ends to be expanded to a larger diameter to accommodate thebell-shaped ends of concrete pipe.7. Mechanical Property RequirementsWire, Plain andDeformed7.1 General Requirements for Plain Wire7.1.1 The relation between size number, diameter, and areashown in Table 1 or Table 2 shall apply, whichever isapplicable.7.1.2 Specimens for mechanical properties testing shall befull wire sections and shall be obtained from ends of wire coilsas drawn or rolled. The specimens shall be of sufficient lengthto perform testing described in Test Methods and DefinitionsA370.7.1.3 If any test specimen exhibits obvious isolated imper-fections not representative of the product, it shall be discardedand another specimen substituted.7.1.4 Tension Test7.1.4.1 When tested as described in Test Methods andDefinitions A370, the material, except as specified in 7.1.4.2,shall conform to the tensile property requirements in Table 5 orTable 6, whichever is applicable, based on the nominal area ofthe wire.7.1.4.2 When required by the purchaser, yield strength shallbe determined as described using a Class B-l extensometer asdescribed in Practice E83. The yield strength shall be deter-mined as described in Test Methods and Definitions A370 at anTABLE 4 Dimensional Requirements for Deformed WireSI UnitsNominal Dimensions Deformation RequirementsDeformed Wire SizeA, B, C, DD [in.2 100] Unit Mass, kg/m Diameter, mmECross-Sectional Area,mm2 FMinimum Average Height ofDeformations, mmG, H, IMD 25

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