欢迎来到标准图书馆! | 帮助中心 Day Day UP!
标准图书馆
首页 标准图书馆 > 资源分类 > PDF文档下载

ASTM A106 - A 106M - 15.pdf

  • 资源大小:130.62KB        全文页数:8页
  • 资源格式: PDF        下载权限:游客/注册会员/VIP会员    下载费用:20Gold 【人民币20元】
游客快捷下载 游客一键下载
会员登录下载
下载资源需要20Gold 【人民币20元】Paypal charge shall be login

邮箱/手机号:
您支付成功后,系统会自动为您创建此邮箱/手机号的账号,密码跟您输入的邮箱/手机号一致,以方便您下次登录下载和查看订单。注:支付完成后需要自己下载文件,并不会自动发送文件哦!

支付方式: 微信支付    支付宝   
验证码:   换一换

友情提示
2、本站资源不支持迅雷下载,请使用浏览器直接下载(不支持QQ浏览器)
3、本站资源下载后的文档和图纸-无水印,预览文档经过压缩,下载后原文更清晰   

ASTM A106 - A 106M - 15.pdf

Designation A106/A106M − 15 Used in USDOE-NE standardsStandard Specification forSeamless Carbon Steel Pipe for High-Temperature Service1This standard is issued under the fixed designation A106/A106M; the number immediately following the designation indicates the yearof original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval.A superscript epsilon indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.1. Scope*1.1 This specification2covers seamless carbon steel pipe forhigh-temperature service Note 1inNPS1⁄8 to NPS 48 [DN 6to DN 1200] Note 2 inclusive, with nominal average wallthickness as given in ASME B 36.10M. It shall be permissibleto furnish pipe having other dimensions provided such pipecomplies with all other requirements of this specification. Pipeordered under this specification shall be suitable for bending,flanging, and similar forming operations, and for welding.When the steel is to be welded, it is presupposed that a weldingprocedure suitable to the grade of steel and intended use orservice will be utilized.NOTE 1It is suggested, consideration be given to possible graphitiza-tion.NOTE 2The dimensionless designator NPS nominal pipe size [DNdiameter nominal] has been substituted in this standard for suchtraditional terms as “nominal diameter,” “size,” and “nominal size.”1.2 Supplementary requirements of an optional nature areprovided for seamless pipe intended for use in applicationswhere a superior grade of pipe is required. These supplemen-tary requirements call for additional tests to be made and whendesired shall be so stated in the order.1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound unitsare to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated ineach system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, eachsystem shall be used independently of the other. Combiningvalues from the two systems may result in non-conformancewith the standard.1.4 The following precautionary caveat pertains only to thetest method portion, Sections 11, 12, and 13 of this specifica-tion This standard does not purport to address all of the safetyconcerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibilityof the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety andhealth practices and determine the applicability of regulatorylimitations prior to use.2. Referenced Documents2.1 ASTM Standards3A530/A530M Specification for General Requirements forSpecialized Carbon and Alloy Steel PipeE213 Practice for Ultrasonic Testing of Metal Pipe andTubingE309 Practice for Eddy-Current Examination of Steel Tubu-lar Products Using Magnetic SaturationE381 Method of Macroetch Testing Steel Bars, Billets,Blooms, and ForgingsE570 Practice for Flux Leakage Examination of Ferromag-netic Steel Tubular Products2.2 ASME StandardASME B 36.10M Welded and Seamless Wrought Steel Pipe42.3 Military StandardsMIL-STD-129 Marking for Shipment and Storage5MIL-STD-163 Steel Mill Products, Preparation for Ship-ment and Storage52.4 Federal StandardFed. Std. No. 123 Marking for Shipments Civil Agencies5Fed. Std. No. 183 Continuous Identification Marking of Ironand Steel Products52.5 Other StandardsSSPC-SP 6 Surface Preparation Specification No. 663. Ordering Information3.1 The inclusion of the following, as required will describethe desired material adequately, when ordered under thisspecification3.1.1 Quantity feet, metres, or number of lengths,3.1.2 Name of material seamless carbon steel pipe,3.1.3 Grade Table 1,3.1.4 Manufacture hot-finished or cold-drawn,1This specification is under the jurisdiction of Committee A01 on Steel,Stainless Steel and Related Alloysand is the direct responsibility of SubcommitteeA01.09 on Carbon Steel Tubular Products.Current edition approved Nov. 1, 2015. Published November 2015. Originallyapproved in 1926. Last previous edition in 2014 as A106/A106M–14. DOI10.1520/A0106_A0106M-15.2For ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code applications see related Specifi-cations SA-106 in Section II of that Code.3For referenced ASTM standards, visit the ASTM website, www.astm.org, orcontact ASTM Customer Service at serviceastm.org. For Annual Book of ASTMStandards volume information, refer to the standard’s Document Summary page onthe ASTM website.4Available from American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME, ASMEInternational Headquarters, Two Park Ave., New York, NY 10016-5990, http//www.asme.org.5Available from Standardization Documents Order Desk, DODSSP, Bldg. 4,Section D, 700 Robbins Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19111-5098.6Available from Society for Protective Coatings SSPC, 40 24th St., 6th Floor,Pittsburgh, PA 15222-4656, http//www.sspc.org.*A Summary of Changes section appears at the end of this standardCopyright ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. United States13.1.5 Size NPS [DN] and weight class or schedule number,or both; outside diameter and nominal wall thickness; or insidediameter and nominal wall thickness,3.1.6 Special outside diameter tolerance pipe 16.2.2,3.1.7 Inside diameter tolerance pipe, over 10 in. [250 mm]ID 16.2.3,3.1.8 Length specific or random, Section 17,3.1.9 Optional requirements Section 9 and S1 to S8,3.1.10 Test report required Section on Certification ofSpecification A530/A530M,3.1.11 Specification designation A106 or A106M, includ-ing year-date,3.1.12 End use of material,3.1.13 Hydrostatic test in accordance with SpecificationA530/A530M or 13.3 of this specification, or NDE in accor-dance with Section 14 of this specification.3.1.14 Special requirements.4. Process4.1 The steel shall be killed steel, with the primary meltingprocess being open-hearth, basic-oxygen, or electric-furnace,possibly combined with separate degassing or refining. Ifsecondary melting, using electroslag remelting or vacuum-arcremelting is subsequently employed, the heat shall be definedas all of the ingots remelted from a single primary heat.4.2 Steel cast in ingots or strand cast is permissible. Whensteels of different grades are sequentially strand cast, identifi-cation of the resultant transition material is required. Theproducer shall remove the transition material by any estab-lished procedure that positively separates the grades.4.3 For pipe NPS 11⁄2 [DN 40] and under, it shall bepermissible to furnish hot finished or cold drawn.4.4 Unless otherwise specified, pipe NPS 2 [DN 50] andover shall be furnished hot finished. When agreed uponbetween the manufacturer and the purchaser, it is permissibleto furnish cold-drawn pipe.5. Heat Treatment5.1 Hot-finished pipe need not be heat treated. When hot-finished pipe is heat treated, it shall be heat treated at atemperature of 1200 F [650 C] or higher.5.2 Cold-drawn pipe shall be heat treated after the final colddraw pass at a temperature of 1200 F [650 C] or higher.6. General Requirements6.1 Material furnished to this specification shall conform tothe applicable requirements of the current edition of Specifi-cation A530/A530M unless otherwise provided herein.7. Chemical Composition7.1 The steel shall conform to the requirements as tochemical composition prescribed in Table 1.8. Heat Analysis8.1 An analysis of each heat of steel shall be made by thesteel manufacturer to determine the percentages of the ele-ments specified in Section 7. If the secondary melting pro-cesses of 5.1 are employed, the heat analysis shall be obtainedfrom one remelted ingot or the product of one remelted ingotof each primary melt. The chemical composition thusdetermined, or that determined from a product analysis madeby the manufacturer, if the latter has not manufactured thesteel, shall be reported to the purchaser or the purchaser’srepresentative, and shall conform to the requirements specifiedin Section 7.9. Product Analysis9.1 At the request of the purchaser, analyses of two pipesfrom each lot see 20.1 shall be made by the manufacturerfrom the finished pipe. The results of these analyses shall bereported to the purchaser or the purchaser’s representative andshall conform to the requirements specified in Section 7.9.2 If the analysis of one of the tests specified in 9.1 doesnot conform to the requirements specified in Section 7,analyses shall be made on additional pipes of double theoriginal number from the same lot, each of which shallconform to requirements specified.10. Tensile Requirements10.1 The material shall conform to the requirements as totensile properties given in Table 2.11. Bending Requirements11.1 For pipe NPS 2 [DN 50] and under, a sufficient lengthof pipe shall stand being bent cold through 90 around acylindrical mandrel, the diameter of which is twelve times theoutside diameter as shown in ASME B 36.10M of the pipe,without developing cracks. When ordered for close coiling, thepipe shall stand being bent cold through 180 around acylindrical mandrel, the diameter of which is eight times theoutside diameter as shown in ASME B 36.10M of the pipe,without failure.11.2 For pipe whose diameter exceeds 25 in. [635 mm] andwhose diameter to wall thickness ratio, where the diameter toTABLE 1 Chemical RequirementsComposition, Grade A Grade B Grade CCarbon, max 0.25A0.30B0.35BManganese 0.27–0.93 0.29–1.06 0.29–1.06Phosphorus, max 0.035 0.035 0.035Sulfur, max 0.035 0.035 0.035Silicon, min 0.10 0.10 0.10Chrome, maxC0.40 0.40 0.40Copper, maxC0.40 0.40 0.40Molybdenum, maxC0.15 0.15 0.15Nickel, maxC0.40 0.40 0.40Vanadium, maxC0.08 0.08 0.08AFor each reduction of 0.01 below the specified carbon maximum, an increaseof 0.06 manganese above the specified maximum will be permitted up to amaximum of 1.35 .BUnless otherwise specified by the purchaser, for each reduction of 0.01 belowthe specified carbon maximum, an increase of 0.06 manganese above thespecified maximum will be permitted up to a maximum of 1.65 .CThese five elements combined shall not exceed 1 .A106/A106M − 152wall thickness ratio is the specified outside diameter divided bythe nominal wall thickness, is 7.0 or less, the bend test shall beconducted. The bend test specimens shall be bent at roomtemperature through 180 with the inside diameter of the bendbeing 1 in. [25 mm] without cracking on the outside portion ofthe bent portion.Example For 28 in. [711 mm] diameter 5.000 in. [127 mm]thick pipe the diameter to wall thickness ratio 28/5 5.6[711/127 5.6].12. Flattening Tests12.1 Although testing is not required, pipe shall be capableof meeting the flattening test requirements of SupplementaryRequirement S3, if tested.13. Hydrostatic Test13.1 Except as allowed by 13.2, 13.3, and 13.4, each lengthof pipe shall be subjected to the hydrostatic test withoutleakage through the pipe wall.13.2 As an alternative to the hydrostatic test at the option ofthe manufacturer or where specified in the purchase order, itshall be permissible for the full body of each pipe to be testedwith a nondestructive electric test described in Section 14.13.3 Where specified in the purchase order, it shall bepermissible for pipe to be furnished without the hydrostatic testand without the nondestructive electric test in Section 14;inthis case, each length so furnished shall include the mandatorymarking of the letters “NH.” It shall be permissible for pipemeeting the requirements of 13.1 or 13.2 to be furnished wherepipe without either the hydrostatic or nondestructive electrictest has been specified in the purchase order; in this case, suchpipe need not be marked with the letters “NH.” Pipe that hasfailed either the hydrostatic test of 13.1 or the nondestructiveelectric test of 13.2 shall not be furnished as “NH” pipe.13.4 Where the hydrostatic test and the nondestructiveelectric test are omitted and the lengths marked with the letters“NH,” the certification, where required, shall clearly state “NotHydrostatically Tested,” and the letters “NH” shall be ap-pended to the product specification number and material gradeshown on the certification.14. Nondestructive Electric Test14.1 As an alternative to the hydrostatic test at the option ofthe manufacturer or where specified in the purchase order as analternative or addition to the hydrostatic test, the full body ofeach pipe shall be tested with a nondestructive electric test inaccordance with Practice E213, E309,orE570. In such cases,the marking of each length of pipe so furnished shall includethe letters “NDE.” It is the intent of this nondestructive electrictest to reject pipe with imperfections that produce test signalsequal to or greater than that produced by the applicablecalibration standard.14.2 Where the nondestructive electric test is performed, thelengths shall be marked with the letters “NDE.” Thecertification, where required, shall state “Nondestructive Elec-tric Tested” and shall indicate which of the tests was applied.Also, the letters “NDE” shall be appended to the productspecification number and material grade shown on the certifi-cation.14.3 The following information is for the benefit of the userof this specification14.3.1 The reference standards defined in 14.4 through 14.6are convenient standards for calibration of nondestructiveTABLE 2 Tensile RequirementsGrade A Grade B Grade CTensile strength, min, psi [MPa]Yield strength, min, psi [MPa]48 000 [330]30 000 [205]60 000 [415]35 000 [240]70 000 [485]40 000 [275]Longitu-dinalTransverse Longitu-dinalTransverse Longitu-dinalTransverseElongation in 2 in. [50 mm], min, Basic minimum elongation transverse strip tests, and for all smallsizes tested in full section35 25 30 16.5 30 16.5When standard round 2-in. [50-mm] gauge length test specimen isused28 20 22 12 20 12For longitudinal strip testsAA AFor transverse strip tests, a deduction for each1⁄32-in. [0.8-mm]decrease in wall thickness below5⁄16 in. [7.9 mm] from the basicminimum elongation of the following percentage shall be made1.25 1.00 1.00AThe minimum elongation in 2 in. [50 mm] shall be determined by the following equatione 5 625000A0.2/ U0.9for inch-pound units, ande 5 1940A0.2/U0.9for SI units,wheree minimum elongation in 2 in. [50 mm], , rounded to the nearest 0.5 ,A cross-sectional area of the tension test specimen, in.2[mm2], based upon specified outside diameter or nominal specimen width and specified wall thickness,rounded to the nearest 0.01 in.2[1 mm2]. If the area thus calculated is equal to or greater than 0.75 in.2[500 mm2], then the value 0.75 in.2[500 mm2]shall be used., andU specified tensile strength, psi [MPa].A106/A106M − 153testing equipment. The dimensions of such standards are not tobe construed as the minimum sizes of imperfections detectableby such equipment.14.3.2 The ultrasonic testing referred to in this specificationis capable of detecting the presence and location of significantlongitudinally or circumferentially oriented imperfections;however, different techniques need to be employed for thedetection of such differently or

注意事项

本文(ASTM A106 - A 106M - 15.pdf)为本站会员(admin)主动上传,标准图书馆仅提供信息存储空间,仅对用户上传内容的表现方式做保护处理,对上载内容本身不做任何修改或编辑。 若此文所含内容侵犯了您的版权或隐私,请立即通知标准图书馆(发送邮件至[email protected]或直接QQ联系客服),我们立即给予删除!

温馨提示:如果因为网速或其他原因下载失败请重新下载,重复下载不扣分。

关于我们 - 网站声明 - 网站地图 - 资源地图 - 友情链接 - 网站客服客服 - 联系我们

@copyright 2017-Stdlibrary All Rights Reserved.


收起
展开