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ASTM A1053 - A 1053M - 12e1.pdf

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ASTM A1053 - A 1053M - 12e1.pdf

Designation A1053/A1053M − 121Standard Specification forWelded Ferritic-Martensitic Stainless Steel Pipe1This standard is issued under the fixed designation A1053/A1053M; the number immediately following the designation indicates theyear of original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of lastreapproval. A superscript epsilon indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.ε1NOTEEditorially updated reference in 14.2 in April 2014.1. Scope*1.1 This specification covers seam welded ferritic-martensitic dual phase stainless steel pipe intended forabrasive and general corrosion service, manufactured with orwithout the addition of filler metal. Nominal sizes are NPS 2 toNPS 36 inclusive, with nominal average wall thickness up to0.75-in. 19 mm.1.2 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI unitsare to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, theSI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in eachsystem may not be exact equivalents. Therefore, each systemshall be used independently of the other. Combining valuesfrom the two systems may result in non-conformance with thestandard. The inch-pound units shall apply unless the “M”designation is specified in the order.1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of thesafety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is theresponsibility of the user of this standard to establish appro-priate safety and health practices and determine the applica-bility of regulatory limitations prior to use.2. Referenced Documents2.1 ASTM Standards2A370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testingof Steel ProductsA941 Terminology Relating to Steel, Stainless Steel, RelatedAlloys, and FerroalloysA999/A999M Specification for General Requirements forAlloy and Stainless Steel PipeA1010/A1010M Specification for Higher-Strength Marten-sitic Stainless Steel Plate, Sheet, and StripA1016/A1016M Specification for General Requirements forFerritic Alloy Steel, Austenitic Alloy Steel, and StainlessSteel TubesE527 Practice for Numbering Metals and Alloys in theUnified Numbering System UNS2.2 ANSI/ASME Standards3B1.20.1 Pipe Threads, General PurposeB36.10 Welded and Seamless Wrought Steel PipeB36.19 Stainless Steel PipeASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section IX42.3 Other StandardSAE J1086 Practice for Numbering Metals and AlloysUNS53. Terminology3.1 Definitions3.1.1 The definitions in Specification A999/A999M andTerminology A941 are applicable to this specification.4. Ordering Information4.1 Orders for material to this specification shall conform tothe requirements of the current edition of Specification A999/A999M.5. General Requirements5.1 Material furnished under this specification shall con-form to the applicable requirements of the current edition ofSpecification A999/A999M unless otherwise provided herein.6. Materials and Manufacture6.1 Material6.1.1 The material for this pipe shall conform to Specifica-tion A1010/A1010M Grade 50 dual phase stainless steel.6.2 Manufacture1This test method is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A01 on Steel,Stainless Steel and Related Alloys and is the direct responsibility of SubcommitteeA01.10 on Stainless and Alloy Steel Tubular Products.Current edition approved Sept. 1, 2012. Published November 2012. Originallyapproved in 2006. Last previous edition approved in 2011 as A1053/A1053M–11.DOI 10.1520/A1053_A1053M-12E01.2For referenced ASTM standards, visit the ASTM website, www.astm.org, orcontact ASTM Customer Service at serviceastm.org. For Annual Book of ASTMStandards volume information, refer to the standard’s Document Summary page onthe ASTM website.3Available from American National Standards Institute ANSI, 25 W. 43rd St.,4th Floor, New York, NY 10036, http//www.ansi.org.4Available from American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME, ASMEInternational Headquarters, Three Park Ave., New York, NY 10016-5990, http//www.asme.org.5Available from Society of Automotive Engineers SAE, 400 CommonwealthDr., Warrendale, PA 15096-0001, http//www.sae.org.*A Summary of Changes section appears at the end of this standardCopyright ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. United States1Copyright by ASTM Intl all rights reserved;6.2.1 The pipe shall be made using the following weldingmethods Electric Resistance Welding ERW without theaddition of filler metal, submerged arc welding SAW, or anautomatic fusion welding process with or without the additionof filler metal during the welding process.6.2.2 The welded joints made with the addition of fillermetal shall be made with procedures and by welders or weldingoperators that are qualified in accordance with the ASMEBoiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section IX.6.2.3 Welded pipe of NPS 14 and smaller shall have a singlelongitudinal weld. Welded pipe of a size larger than NPS 14shall have a single longitudinal weld or shall be produced byforming and welding two longitudinal sections of flat stockwhen approved by the purchaser. All weld tests, examinations,inspections or treatments shall be performed on each weldseam.6.2.4 The pipe shall be free of scale and contaminatingsurface iron particles. Pickling, blasting or surface finishing isnot mandatory. The purchaser is permitted to require that apassivating treatment be applied to the finished pipe.6.3 Heat TreatmentAll pipe shall be made from heat-treated strip or plate, cold formed and welded. The weld maybe induction strip tempered, at the discretion of the buyer, at aminimum temperature of 1300 F [700 C], but not exceeding1400 F [760 C].7. Chemical Composition7.1 The steel shall conform to the requirements as tochemical composition as prescribed in Table 1.8. Product Analysis8.1 At the request of the purchaser, an analysis of one lengthof flat rolled stock from each heat, or two pipes from each lot,shall be made by the manufacturer. A lot of pipe shall consistof the following number of lengths of the same size and wallthickness from any one heat of steelNPS Designator Lengths of Pipe in LotUnder 2 400 or fraction thereof2 to 5 200 or fraction thereof6 and over 100 or fraction thereof8.2 The results of these analyses shall be reported to thepurchaser or the purchaser’s representative, and shall conformto the requirements of Section 7.8.3 If the analysis of one of the tests specified in 8.1 doesnot conform to the requirements specified in Section 7,ananalysis of each pipe from the same heat or lot may be made,and all pipes conforming to the requirements shall be accepted.9. 9. Permitted Variations in Wall Thickness andDiameter9.1 The wall thickness of the pipe shall be within thetolerances specified in Table 2, except that the weld area shallnot be limited by the “Over” tolerance.9.2 The outside diameter to be used for inspection forcompliance with this requirement when ordered by NPS andschedule number is shown in Table 3. Other diameters and wallthicknesses may be used when specified in the purchase order.Standard sizes of NPS pipe are listed in Table 4.10. Tensile Requirements10.1 The tensile properties of the pipe shall conform to therequirements prescribed in Table 5.11. Mechanical Tests Required11.1 Mechanical Testing Lot DefinitionThe term lot formechanical tests shall be as follows11.1.1 The lot size shall be that defined in 8.1.11.1.2 The minimum number of tests shall be one 1 testper lot.11.2 Transverse or Longitudinal Tension TestOne tensiontest shall be made on a specimen for lots of not more than 100pipes. Tension tests shall be made on specimens from two tubesfor lots of more than 100 pipes.11.3 Flattening TestFlattening tests shall be made on asufficient number of pipes to constitute 1 of the lot, but atleast one length of pipe. Flattening tests shall be made onspecimens from two tubes for lots of more than 100 pipes.11.4 A transverse guided face bend test may be conductedinstead of a flattening test in accordance with the methodoutlined in the steel tubular product supplement of TestMethods and Definitions A370. The ductility of the weld shallbe considered acceptable when there is no evidence of cracksin the weld or between the weld and the base metal afterbending. Test specimens from 1 of the lot shall be takenfrom the pipe or test plates of the same material as the pipe, thetest plates being attached to the end of the cylinder and weldedas a prolongation of the pipe longitudinal seam.12. Hydrostatic or Nondestructive Electric Test12.1 Each pipe shall be subjected to a nondestructiveelectric test or hydrostatic test. The type of test to be used shallbe at the option of the manufacturer, unless otherwise specifiedin the purchase order.12.2 The hydrostatic test shall be in accordance with Speci-fication A999/A999M, unless specifically exempted under theprovisions of 12.3.12.3 For pipe whose dimensions equal or exceed NPS 10,the purchaser, with the agreement of the manufacturer, ispermitted to waive the hydrostatic test requirement when inlieu of such test the purchaser performs a system test. Eachlength of pipe furnished without the completed manufacturer’shydrostatic test shall include with the mandatory marking theletters “NH.”12.4 The nondestructive electric test shall be in accordancewith Specification A999/A999M.13. Lengths13.1 Pipe lengths shall be in accordance with the followingpractice13.1.1 The standard length, unless otherwise agreed upon,shall be 20 ft [6 m] with the permitted range of 17 to 24 ft [5.2to 7.3 m]. Shorter and longer lengths are acceptable, thenumber of joints and the minimum length shall be agreed uponbetween the manufacturer and the purchaser.A1053/A1053M − 1212Copyright by ASTM Intl all rights reserved;13.1.2 If definite cut lengths are desired, the lengths re-quired shall be specified in the order. No pipe shall be under thespecified length and no pipe shall be more than1⁄4 in. [6 mm]over the specified length.13.1.3 No jointers are permitted unless otherwise specifiedand agreed upon between the purchaser and manufacturer.14. Workmanship, Finish, and Appearance14.1 The finished pipes shall be straight within ≤ 0.2 oflength of pipe using a taught wire the length of the pipe.14.2 The finished pipes shall have a workmanlike finish.Removal of imperfections by grinding is permitted, providingthe wall thickness is not decreased to less than that permittedin Section 10 of Specification A999/A999M.15. Repair by Welding15.1 For welded pipe whose diameter ≥ NPS 4, and whosenominal wall thickness ≥ 0.188 in. [4.77 mm], it is permitted tomake weld repairs with the addition of compatible filler metalto the weld seam or parent metal when approved by thepurchaser. Repair welding shall meet the requirements ofSpecification A999/A999M.15.2 The composition of the deposited filler metal shall besuitable for the Specification A1010/A1010M ferritic-martensitic plate.15.3 Pipes that have had weld seam repairs with filler metalshall be identified in the stencil with “WR” and shall be soidentified on the certificate of tests.16. Certification16.1 In addition to the information required by SpecificationA999/A999M, the certified mill test report CMTR shall statewhether or not the material was hydrostatically tested. If thematerial was nondestructively tested, the certification shall sostate and shall state which practice was followed and whatreference discontinuities were used.17. Marking17.1 In addition to the marking specified in SpecificationA999/A999M, the marking shall include the NPS nominalpipe size or outside diameter, the schedule number or averageor minimum wall thickness, specification number, alloy grade,heat number, F when welded with the addition of filler metal,NH when hydrostatic testing is not performed and ET or UTwhen eddy current or ultrasonic testing is performed. If theseam weld is x-rayed, the line marking shall so state. Themarkings also shall include the manufacturer’s private identi-fying mark, and the marking required by 15.3, if applicable. Ifspecified in the purchase order, the marking for pipe larger thanNPS 4 shall include the weight per foot [weight per metre].18. Government Procurement18.1 Scale Free for Government Procurement18.1.1 When specified in the contract or order, the followingrequirements shall be considered in the inquiry, contract ororder, for agencies of the U.S. Government where scale freepipe or tube is required. These requirements shall take prece-dence if there is a conflict between these requirements and theproduct specifications.18.1.2 The requirements of Specification A999/A999M forpipe and Specification A1016/A1016M for tubes shall beapplicable when pipe or tube is ordered to this specification.18.1.3 Ordering InformationOrders for material underthis specification shall include the following in addition to therequirements of Section 418.1.3.1 Pipe or tube,18.1.3.2 Part Number,18.1.3.3 Ultrasonic inspection if required,18.1.3.4 If shear wave is to be conducted in two oppositecircumferential directions, and18.1.3.5 Level of preservation and packing required.19. Keywords19.1 dual phase; ferritic-martensitic stainless steel; stainlesssteel pipe; steel pipe; welded steel pipeTABLE 1 Chemical Composition Requirements, AUNSDesignationBCarbon Manganese Phosphorous Sulfur Silicon Chromium Nickel Nitrogen Other ElementsS41003 0.030 1.50 0.040 0.030 1.00 10.5–12.5 1.50 0.030 ...AMaximum, unless range or minimum is indicated.BDesignation established in accordance with Practice E527 and SAE J 1086.TABLE 2 Permitted Variations in Wall ThicknessTolerance, from NominalNPS DesignatorAll t/D ratios Over UnderUp to 21⁄2 incl. 20 12.53 to 18 incl. 22.5 12.520 and larger 15.0 12.5TABLE 3 Permitted Variations in Outside DiameterNPS Designator Over Under2 through 18 1 1 20 and over 0.75 0.75 A1053/A1053M − 1213Copyright by ASTM Intl all rights reserved;SUMMARY OF CHANGESCommittee A01 has identified the location of selected changes to this specification since the last issue,A1053/A1053M–11, that may impact the use of this specification. Approved September 1, 20121 Revised 6.2.1.Committee A01 has identified the location of selected changes to this specification since the last issue,A1053/A1053M–06, that may impact the use of this specification. Approved April 1, 20111 Revised 6.2.1 and 13.1.1.2 Added new 6.2.2 and renumbered subsequent paragraphs.3 Deleted old 13.1.2 and renumbered subsequent paragraphs.ASTM International takes no position respecting the validity of any patent rights asserted in connection with any item mentionedin this standard. Users of this standard are expressly advised that determination of the validity of any such patent rights, and the riskof infringement of such rights, are entirely their own responsibility.This standard is subject to revision at any time by the responsible technical committee and must be reviewed ev

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