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ASTM A1045 - 10 (2014).pdf

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ASTM A1045 - 10 (2014).pdf

Designation A1045 − 10 Reapproved 2014Standard Specification forFlexible Poly Vinyl Chloride PVC Gaskets used inConnection of Vitreous China Plumbing Fixtures to SanitaryDrainage Systems1This standard is issued under the fixed designation A1045; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year oforiginal adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval. Asuperscript epsilon indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.1. Scope1.1 This specification covers material and performancerequirements for plasticized PVC compression gaskets used inthe connection of residential and commercial vitreous chinaplumbing fixtures to 2, 3 and 4-in. sanitary drain lines. Thesetype gaskets are inserted into and compress against the insidediameter of the sewer pipe, closet or urinal flange whileattaching to the vitreous china plumbing fixture with a flexibleadhesive. The result is a gas- and water-tight seal.1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regardedas standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematicalconversions to SI units that are provided for information onlyand are not considered standard.1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of thesafety concerns, is any, associated with its use. It is theresponsibility of the user of this standard to establish appro-priate safety and health practices and to determine theapplicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.2. Referenced Documents2.1 ASTM Standards2A644 Terminology Relating to Iron CastingsD5926 Specification for Poly Vinyl Chloride PVC Gas-kets for Drain, Waste, and Vent DWV, Sewer, Sanitary,and Storm Plumbing Systems2.2 ASME Standards3ASME A112.19.2M Vitreous China Plumbing Fixtures3. Terminology3.1 DefinitionsFor definitions of terms in this specifica-tion refer to Terminology A644.3.2 Definitions of Terms Specific to This Standard3.2.1 closet flange, na pipe fitting that secures the watercloset to the floor and the sanitary drain line.3.2.2 urinal, na plumbing fixture that receives only liquidbody waste and, on demand, conveys the waste through a trapseal into a gravity drainage system.3.2.3 urinal flange, na pipe fitting that secures a rearoutlet wall mounted urinal to the sanitary drain line.3.2.4 vitreous china plumbing fixture, nurinal and or watercloset.3.2.5 water closet, na plumbing fixture having a watercontaining receptor which receives liquid and solid body wasteand upon actuation conveys the waste through an exposedintegral trap seal into a gravity drainage system.4. Materials and Manufacture4.1 These type gaskets are manufactured principally fromvirgin injection grade plasticized PVC compounds. Recycledmaterials may be used in this product in accordance withSection 5.4.2 Adhesives used in the attachment of vitreous chinaplumbing fixture gaskets shall be compatible with the compo-nent gasket material and the sanitary drain system. Butylrubber-based adhesives are known to have such characteristics.5. Gasket Requirements5.1 Physical and mechanical properties of plasticized PVCgaskets for the connection of vitreous china plumbing fixturesto the sanitary drainage system shall comply with SpecificationD5926.5.2 Gaskets shall be tested in accordance with Section 9 onpipe samples complying with applicable industry standards ofmaximum and minimum dimensions. It shall be permissible tomachine pipe samples to attain maximum or minimumdimensions, or both.1This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A04 on IronCastings and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee A04.75 on Gaskets andCoupling for Plumbing and Sewer Piping.Current edition approved Oct. 1, 2014. Published October 2014. Originallyapproved in 2005. Last previous edition approved in 2010 as A1045 – 10. DOI10.1520/A1045-10R14.2For referenced ASTM standards, visit the ASTM website, www.astm.org, orcontact ASTM Customer Service at serviceastm.org. For Annual Book of ASTMStandards volume information, refer to the standard’s Document Summary page onthe ASTM website.3Available from American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME, ASMEInternational Headquarters, Two Park Ave., New York, NY 10016-5990, http//www.asme.org.Copyright ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. United States15.3 The gasket assembly when tested in accordance withSection 9 shall not leak.5.4 The gasket shall accommodate vitreous china plumbingfixtures and flanges conforming to applicable industry stan-dards.6. Dimensions, Mass, and Permissible Variations6.1 Gaskets shall conform to the dimensions and dimen-sional tolerances as agreed upon between the supplier andpurchaser. All dimensions shall be compatible with the dimen-sions and tolerances of the specific pipe materials and sizes andvitreous china plumbing fixture to which it is designed to join.7. Workmanship, Finish, and Appearance7.1 The surface of preformed gaskets shall be smooth andfree from pitting, cracks, blisters, air marks, or any otherimperfections that may affect product performance in service7.2 Neither the flash thickness nor the flash extension shallexceed1⁄32 in. 1 mm.7.3 Mold release, oil, or grease used in the manufacturingprocess will have a detrimental effect on the ability of theadhesive to adhere to the flanged surface of the fixture gasket.Care should be taken not to contaminate the flanged surface ofthe gasket.8. Sampling, Tests, and Retests8.1 Test specimens representative of the gaskets to be usedshall be randomly selected from the manufactured lot fortesting. The manufactured lot shall be a minimum of eighthours old. Tests shall be performed at room temperature.8.2 Where there is a failure in the original test, the entire testshall be rerun with twice the number of samples and any failureshall be cause for rejection.9. Test Method for Assembled Gaskets9.1 Test ApparatusThe apparatus used to conduct this testshall be designed according to the applicable outlet dimensionsof the vitreous china plumbing fixture. See Fig. 1 for example.The test apparatus shall be constructed of clear acrylic witha polished finish.9.2 Significance and UseThis test method is useful indetermining the ability of the gasket assembly to provide apermanent seal against water, sewer, sewer gas and the like invitreous china plumbing fixture to sanitary drain line connec-tions.9.3 HazardsThis is a pressurized hydrostatic test andunder no circumstances shall water be substituted with air.Care should be taken in expelling all air prior to pressurizingthe test assembly. Wear eye protection during pressure tests andstrictly adhere to safety precautions at all times.9.4 ProcedureHydrostatic Joint Tightness Test Wipe thesurface of the test apparatus with denatured alcohol. Apply thegasket assembly to the test apparatus. Insert the test apparatusassembly into the test pipe providing an adequate spacebetween the test apparatus and the flange to prohibit compres-sion of the gasket between the test apparatus and flange.Securely tighten the test apparatus to the flange, fill theassembly with water expelling all air, pressurize to 4.3 psi fora period of 15 min. Any leakage shall result in failure. Refer toFig. 2.10. Certification10.1 The gasket manufacturer shall keep appropriate pro-duction and testing records showing compliance to thisspecification, including certified documentation from the PVCcompound producer showing compliance with SpecificationD5926. The manufacturer shall be required to provide saidinformation at the request of the purchaser.11. Product Marking11.1 Each gasket shall be marked with the manufacturer’sname or trademark, or both.11.2 The type and size of pipe for which the gasket is or themanufacturer’s product identification shall be marked on orattached to each gasket.11.3 All gaskets shall be marked with the designationASTM A1045 showing compliance to this specification.12. Keywords12.1 closet flange; flexible gaskets; plasticized; plumbingfixtures; polyvinyl chloride PVC; sanitary drainage; toiletseal; urinal; urinal flange; urinal seal; vitreous china; vitreouschina plumbing fixtures; water closet gasketsA1045 − 10 20142FIG. 1 Test Apparatus Typical Water Closet Configuration.A1045 − 10 20143FIG. 2 Test AssemblyExploded View Typical Water Closet Configuration.A1045 − 10 20144ASTM International takes no position respecting the validity of any patent rights asserted in connection with any item mentionedin this standard. Users of this standard are expressly advised that determination of the validity of any such patent rights, and the riskof infringement of such rights, are entirely their own responsibility.This standard is subject to revision at any time by the responsible technical committee and must be reviewed every five years andif not revised, either reapproved or withdrawn. Your comments are invited either for revision of this standard or for additional standardsand should be addressed to ASTM International Headquarters. Your comments will receive careful consideration at a meeting of theresponsible technical committee, which you may attend. If you feel that your comments have not received a fair hearing you shouldmake your views known to the ASTM Committee on Standards, at the address shown below.This standard is copyrighted by ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959,United States. Individual reprints single or multiple copies of this standard may be obtained by contacting ASTM at the aboveaddress or at 610-832-9585 phone, 610-832-9555 fax, or serviceastm.org e-mail; or through the ASTM websitewww.astm.org. Permission rights to photocopy the standard may also be secured from the Copyright Clearance Center, 222Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, Tel 978 646-2600; http//www.copyright.com/FIG. 3 Test AssemblyCross Section View Typical Water ClosetConfiguration.A1045 − 10 20145

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