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ASTM A1016 - A 1016M - 14.pdf

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ASTM A1016 - A 1016M - 14.pdf

Designation A1016/A1016M − 14Standard Specification forGeneral Requirements for Ferritic Alloy Steel, AusteniticAlloy Steel, and Stainless Steel Tubes1This standard is issued under the fixed designation A1016/A1016M; the number immediately following the designation indicates theyear of original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of lastreapproval. A superscript epsilon indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.1. Scope*1.1 This specification covers a group of requirements that,unless otherwise specified in an individual specification, shallapply to the ASTM product specifications noted below.Title of Specification ASTMDesignationASeamless Carbon-Molybdenum Alloy-Steel Boiler andSuperheater TubesA209/A209MSeamless Ferritic and Austenitic Alloy-Steel Boiler, Superheater,and Heat-Exchanger TubesA213/A213MWelded Austenitic Steel Boiler, Superheater, Heat-Exchanger,and Condenser TubesA249/A249MElectric-Resistance-Welded Ferritic Alloy-Steel Boiler andSuperheater TubesA250/A250MSeamless and Welded Ferritic and Martensitic Stainless SteelTubing for General ServiceA268/A268MSeamless and Welded Austenitic Stainless Steel Tubing forGeneral ServiceA269Seamless and Welded Austenitic Stainless Steel Sanitary TubingA270Seamless and Welded Carbon and Alloy-Steel Tubes forLow-Temperature ServiceA334/A334MWelded Austenitic Stainless Steel Feedwater Heater Tubes A668/A668MAustenitic Stainless Steel Tubing for Breeder Reactor CoreComponentsA771/A771MSeamless and Welded Ferritic/Austenitic Stainless Steel Tubingfor General ServiceA789/A789MWelded Ferritic Stainless Steel Feedwater Heater Tubes A803/A803MAustenitic and Ferritic Stainless Steel Duct Tubes for BreederReactor Core ComponentsA826/A826MHigh-Frequency Induction Welded, Unannealed Austenitic SteelCondenser TubesA851AThese designations refer to the latest issue of the respective specifications.1.2 In the case of conflict between a requirement of aproduct specification and a requirement of this general require-ments specification, the product specification shall prevail. Inthe case of conflict between a requirement of the productspecification or a requirement of this general requirementsspecification and a more stringent requirement of the purchaseorder, the purchase order shall prevail.1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound unitsare to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, theSI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in eachsystem may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each systemshall be used independently of the other. Combining valuesfrom the two systems may result in non-conformance with thestandard. The inch-pound units shall apply unless the “M”designation SI of the product specification is specified in theorder.2. Referenced Documents2.1 ASTM Standards2A209/A209M Specification for Seamless Carbon-Molybdenum Alloy-Steel Boiler and Superheater TubesA213/A213M Specification for Seamless Ferritic and Aus-tenitic Alloy-Steel Boiler, Superheater, and Heat-Exchanger TubesA249/A249M Specification for Welded Austenitic SteelBoiler, Superheater, Heat-Exchanger, and CondenserTubesA250/A250M Specification for Electric-Resistance-WeldedFerritic Alloy-Steel Boiler and Superheater TubesA268/A268M Specification for Seamless and Welded Fer-ritic and Martensitic Stainless Steel Tubing for GeneralServiceA269 Specification for Seamless and Welded AusteniticStainless Steel Tubing for General ServiceA270 Specification for Seamless and Welded Austenitic andFerritic/Austenitic Stainless Steel Sanitary TubingA334/A334M Specification for Seamless and Welded Car-bon and Alloy-Steel Tubes for Low-Temperature ServiceA370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testingof Steel ProductsA530/A530M Specification for General Requirements forSpecialized Carbon and Alloy Steel PipeA668/A668M Specification for Steel Forgings, Carbon andAlloy, for General Industrial Use1This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A01 on Steel,Stainless Steel and Related Alloys and is the direct responsibility of SubcommitteeA01.10 on Stainless and Alloy Steel Tubular Products.Current edition approved March 1, 2014. Published March 2014. Originallyapproved in 2001. Last previous edition approved in 2013 as A1016/A1016M–13.DOI 10.1520/A1016_A1016M-14.2For referenced ASTM standards, visit the ASTM website, www.astm.org, orcontact ASTM Customer Service at serviceastm.org. For Annual Book of ASTMStandards volume information, refer to the standard’s Document Summary page onthe ASTM website.*A Summary of Changes section appears at the end of this standardCopyright ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. United States1Copyright by ASTM Intl all rights reserved;A700 Practices for Packaging, Marking, and Loading Meth-ods for Steel Products for Shipment Withdrawn 20143A751 Test Methods, Practices, and Terminology for Chemi-cal Analysis of Steel ProductsA771/A771M Specification for Seamless Austenitic andMartensitic Stainless Steel Tubing for Liquid Metal-Cooled Reactor Core Components Withdrawn 20043A789/A789M Specification for Seamless and WeldedFerritic/Austenitic Stainless Steel Tubing for GeneralServiceA803/A803M Specification for Seamless and Welded Fer-ritic Stainless Steel Feedwater Heater TubesA826/A826M Specification for Seamless Austenitic andMartensitic Stainless Steel Duct Tubes for Liquid Metal-Cooled Reactor Core Components Withdrawn 20043A851 Specification for High-Frequency Induction Welded,Unannealed, Austenitic Steel Condenser Tubes With-drawn 20023A941 Terminology Relating to Steel, Stainless Steel, RelatedAlloys, and FerroalloysA1047/A1047M Test Method for Pneumatic Leak Testing ofTubingA1058 Test Methods for Mechanical Testing of SteelProductsMetricD3951 Practice for Commercial PackagingE92 Test Method for Vickers Hardness of Metallic MaterialsWithdrawn 20103E213 Practice for Ultrasonic Testing of Metal Pipe andTubingE273 Practice for Ultrasonic Testing of the Weld Zone ofWelded Pipe and TubingE309 Practice for Eddy-Current Examination of Steel Tubu-lar Products Using Magnetic SaturationE426 Practice for Electromagnetic Eddy-Current Examina-tion of Seamless and Welded Tubular Products, Titanium,Austenitic Stainless Steel and Similar AlloysE570 Practice for Flux Leakage Examination of Ferromag-netic Steel Tubular Products2.2 ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel CodeSection IX,42.3 Federal StandardFED-STD-183 Continuous Identification Marking of Ironand Steel Products52.4 Military StandardsMIL-STD-271 Nondestructive Testing Requirements forMetals5MIL-STD-163 Steel Mill Products Preparation for Ship-ment and Storage5MIL-STD-792 Identification Marking Requirements forSpecial Purpose Equipment52.5 Steel Structures Painting CouncilSSPC-SP6 Surface Preparation Specification No. 6 Com-mercial Blast Cleaning62.6 Other DocumentsSNT-TC-1A Recommended Practice for NondestructivePersonnel Qualification and Certification7AIAG Bar Code Symbology Standard83. Terminology3.1 Definitions3.1.1 The definitions in Test Methods and Definitions A370or Test Methods A1058, Test Methods, Practices, and Termi-nology A751, and Terminology A941 are applicable to thisspecification and to those listed in 1.1.3.1.2 heat, nin secondary melting, all of the ingots re-melted from a single primary heat.3.1.3 imperfection, nany discontinuity or irregularityfound in a tube.4. Manufacture4.1 The steel shall made by any process.4.2 The primary melting is permitted to incorporate separatedegassing or refining and is permitted to be followed bysecondary melting, such as electroslag remelting or vacuum-arc remelting.4.3 When steel of different grades is sequentially strandcast, the resultant transition material shall be removed using anestablished procedure that positively separates the grades.5. Ordering Information5.1 It is the responsibility of the purchaser to specify allrequirements that are necessary for product ordered under theproduct specification. Such requirements to be consideredinclude, but are not limited to, the following5.1.1 Quantity feet, metres, or number of pieces,5.1.2 Name of material stainless steel tubing,5.1.3 Method of manufacture, when applicable seamlessSML, welded WLD, or heavily cold-worked HCW,5.1.4 Grade or UNS number,5.1.5 Size outside diameter and average or minimum wallthickness,5.1.6 Length specific or random,5.1.7 End finish if required,5.1.8 Optional requirements,5.1.9 Specific type of melting, if required,5.1.10 Test report requirements,5.1.11 Specification designation and year of issue, and5.1.12 Special requirements or any supplementaryrequirements, or both.3The last approved version of this historical standard is referenced onwww.astm.org.4Available from American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME, ASMEInternational Headquarters, Two Park Ave., New York, NY 10016-5990, http//www.asme.org.5Available from Standardization Documents Order Desk, Bldg. 4 Section D, 700Robbins Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19111-5098, Attn NPODS.6Available from Society for Protective Coatings SSPC, 40 24th St., 6th Floor,Pittsburgh, PA 15222-4656, http//www.sspc.org.7Available fromAmerican Society for Nondestructive Testing ASNT, P.O. Box28518, 1711 Arlingate Ln., Columbus, OH 43228-0518, http//www.asnt.org.8Available from Automotive Industry Action Group AIAG, 26200 Lahser Rd.,Suite 200, Southfield, MI 48033, http//www.aiag.org.A1016/A1016M − 142Copyright by ASTM Intl all rights reserved;6. Chemical Composition6.1 Chemical AnalysisSamples for chemical analysis, andmethod of analysis, shall be in accordance with Test Methods,Practices, and Terminology A751.6.2 Heat AnalysisAn analysis of each heat of steel shall bemade by the steel manufacturer to determine the percentages ofthe elements specified. If secondary melting processes areemployed, the heat analysis shall be obtained from oneremelted ingot or the product of one remelted ingot of eachprimary melt. The chemical composition thus determined, orthat determined from a product analysis made by the tubularproduct manufacturer, shall conform to the requirements speci-fied in the product specification.6.2.1 For steels ordered under product specifications refer-encing this specification of general requirements, the steel shallnot contain an unspecified element, other than nitrogen forstainless steels, for the ordered grade to the extent that the steelconforms to the requirements of another grade for which thatelement is a specified element having a required minimumcontent. For this requirement, a grade is defined as an alloydescribed individually and identified by its own UNS designa-tion in a table of chemical requirements within any specifica-tion listed within the scope as being covered by this specifi-cation.6.3 Product AnalysisProduct analysis requirements andoptions, if any, shall be as contained in the product specifica-tion.7. Tensile Properties7.1 The material shall conform to the tensile propertyrequirements prescribed in the individual product specification.7.2 The yield strength, when specified, shall be determinedcorresponding to a permanent offset of 0.2 of the gaugelength or to a total extension of 0.5 of the gauge length underload.7.3 If the percentage of elongation of any test specimen isless than that specified and any part of the fracture is more than3⁄4 in. [19.0 mm] from the center of the gauge length, asindicated by scribe marks on the specimen before testing, aretest shall be allowed.8. Standard Mass per Unit Length8.1 The calculated mass per foot, based upon a specifiedminimum wall thickness, shall be determined by the followingequation see Note 1W 5 CD 2 tt 1whereC 10.69 [0.0246615],W mass per unit length, lb/ft [kg/m],D specified outside diameter, in. [mm], andt specified minimum wall thickness, in. [mm].NOTE 1The calculated masses given by Eq 1 are based on the massesfor carbon steel tubing. The mass of tubing made of ferritic stainless steelsmay be up to about 5 less, and that made of austenitic stainless steel upto about 2 greater than the values given. Mass of ferritic/austeniticduplex stainless steel will be intermediate to the mass of fully austeniticand fully ferritic stainless steel tubing.8.2 The permitted variations from the calculated mass perfoot [kilogram per metre] shall be as prescribed in Table 1.9. Permitted Variations in Wall Thickness9.1 Variations from the specified minimum wall thicknessshall not exceed the amounts prescribed in Table 2.9.2 For tubes 2 in. [50 mm] and over in outside diameter and0.220 in. [5.6 mm] and over in thickness, the variation in wallthickness in any one cross section of any one tube shall notexceed the following percentage of the actual mean wall at thesection. The actual mean wall is defined as the average of thethickest and thinnest wall in that section.Seamless tubes 10 Welded tubes 5 9.3 When cold-finished tubes as ordered require wall thick-nesses3⁄4 in. [19.1 mm] or over, or an inside diameter 60 orless of the outside diameter, the permitted variations in wallthickness for hot-finished tubes shall apply.10. Permitted Variations in Outside Diameter10.1 Except as provided in 10.2.1, 10.3, and 25.10.4,variations from the specified outside diameter shall not exceedthe amounts prescribed in Table 3.10.2 Thin-wall tubes usually develop significant ovalityout-of-roundness during final annealing, or straightening, orboth. Thin-wall tubes are defined as those with a specified wall3 or less than the specified OD, or with a wall specified as0.020 in. [0.5 mm] or less.10.2.1 1 The diameter tolerances of Table 3 are not suffi-cient to provide for additional ovality expected in thin-walltubes, and, for such tubes, are applicable only to the mean ofthe extreme maximum and minimum outside diameter read-ings in any one cross section. However, for thin wall tubes thedifference in extreme outside diameter readings ovality in anyone cross section shall not exceed the following ovalityallowancesOutside Diameter, in. [mm] Ovality Allowance1 [25.4] and under 0.020 [0.5]Over 1 [25.4] 2.0 of specified outsidediameter10.3 For cold-finished seamless austenitic and ferritic/austenitic tubes, an ovality allowance is necessary for all sizesless than 2 in. [50.8 mm] outside diameter, because they arelikely to become out of round during their final heat treatment.For such tubes, the maximum and minimum outside diameterTABLE 1 Permitted Variations in Mass Per FootAMethod ofManufacturePermitted Variation in Massper Foot, Over UnderSeamless, hot-finished 16 0Seamless, cold-finished11⁄2 in. [38 mm] and under OD 12 0Over 11⁄2 in. [38 mm] OD 13 0Welded 10 0AThese permitted variations in mass apply to lots of 50 tubes or more in sizes 4in. [101.6 mm] and under in outside diameter, and to lots of 20 tubes or more insizes over

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