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ASTM A1006 - A 1006M - 00.pdf

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ASTM A1006 - A 1006M - 00.pdf

Designation A 1006/A 1006M – 00Standard Specification forSteel Line Pipe, Black, Plain End, Laser Beam Welded1This standard is issued under the fixed designation A 1006/A 1006M; the number immediately following the designation indicates theyear of original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of lastreapproval. A superscript epsilon e indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.1. Scope1.1 This specification covers laser beam welded, black,plain end steel pipe for use in the conveyance of fluids underpressure. Pipe in sizes NPS 1 to 26, inclusive, with nominalwall thickness 0.750 in. [19.1 mm] or less, as given in Table 1,is included. Pipe having other dimensions, in this size range,may be furnished provided such pipe complies with all otherrequirements of this specification.1.2 It is intended that the pipe be capable of being circum-ferentially welded in the field when welding procedures inaccordance with the requirements of the applicable pipelineconstruction code are used.1.3 The values stated in either inch-pound units or in SIunits are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text,the SI units are shown in brackets. The values in each systemare not exact equivalents therefore, each system is to be usedindependently of the other, without combining values in anyway.1.4 The following precautionary statement pertains to thetest method portion, Section 14, of this specification. Thisstandard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns,if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the userof this standard to establish appropriate safety and healthpractices and determine the applicability of regulatory limita-tions prior to use.2. Referenced Documents2.1 ASTM StandardsA 370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testingof Steel Products2A 530/A 530M Specification for General Requirements forSpecialized Carbon and Alloy Steel Pipe2A 450/A 450M Specification for General Requirements forCarbon, Ferritic Alloy, and Austenitic Alloy Steel Tubes2A 751 Test Methods, Practices, and Terminology forChemical Analysis of Steel Products3A 941 Standard Terminology Relating to Steel, StainlessSteel, Related Alloys, and Ferroalloys22.2 API PublicationAPI RP 5L3 Recommended Practice for Conducting Drop-Weight Tear Tests on Line Pipe41This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A01 on Steel,Stainless Steel and Related Alloys and is the direct responsibility of SubcommitteeA01.09 on Carbon Steel Tubular Products.Current edition approved Jan. 10, 2000. Published May 2000.2Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 01.01.3Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 01.02.4Available from American Petroleum Institute, 1220 L Street, N.W., Washing-ton, DC 20005-4070.TABLE 1 Dimensions and Weight [Mass] Per Unit LengthNOTE 1Pipe having an outside diameter and/or wall thickness inter-mediate to those listed in this table are also permitted.NPS Outside Diameter Wall Thickness Weight [Mass] per UnitLengthDesignator in. mm in. mm lb/ft kg/m1 1.315 33.4 0.133 3.4 1.68 2.520.358 9.1 3.66 4.5511⁄4 1.660 42.2 0.140 3.6 2.27 3.430.382 9.7 5.22 7.7711⁄2 1.900 48.3 0.145 3.7 2.72 4.070.400 10.2 6.41 9.582 2.375 60.3 0.083 2.1 2.03 3.010.436 11.1 9.04 13.4721⁄2 2.875 73.0 0.083 2.1 2.48 3.670.552 14.0 13.71 20.373 3.500 88.9 0.083 2.1 3.03 4.500.600 15.2 18.60 27.6331⁄2 4.000 101.6 0.083 2.1 3.48 5.150.318 8.1 12.52 18.684 4.500 114.3 0.083 2.1 3.92 5.810.674 17.1 27.57 40.995 5.563 141.3 0.083 2.1 4.86 7.210.750 19.1 38.59 57.566 6.625 168.3 0.083 2.1 5.80 8.610.750 19.1 47.10 70.278 8.625 219.1 0.125 3.2 11.36 17.040.750 19.1 63.14 94.2010 10.750 273.1 0.156 4.0 17.67 26.540.750 19.1 80.18 119.6412 12.750 323.9 0.172 4.4 23.13 34.670.750 19.1 96.21 143.5614 14.000 355.6 0.188 4.8 27.76 41.520.750 19.1 106.23 158.4916 16.000 406.7 0.188 4.8 31.78 47.540.750 19.1 122.27 182.4218 18.000 457 0.188 4.8 35.80 53.530.750 19.1 138.30 206.2520 20.000 508 0.219 5.6 46.31 69.380.750 19.1 154.34 230.2722 22.000 559 0.219 5.6 50.99 76.420.750 19.1 170.37 254.3024 24.000 610 0.250 6.4 63.47 95.260.750 19.1 186.41 278.3226 26.000 660 0.250 6.4 68.82 103.150.750 19.1 202.44 301.871Copyright ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, United States.2.3 ASME StandardASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section IX, Weld-ing and Brazing Qualifications53. Terminology3.1 Definitions of Terms Specific to This Standard3.1.1 laser beam welding, na welding process that utilizesa laser beam to produce melting of full thickness of edges to bewelded, followed by the fusion of those edges.3.1.2 specified outside diameter, nthe outside diametershown in the purchase order or in Table 1 for the applicableNPS size.3.2 DefinitionsFor definitions of other terms used in thisspecification, refer to Terminology A 941.4. Ordering Information4.1 Information items to be considered, if appropriate, forinclusion in the purchase order are as follows4.1.1 Specification designation and year of issue,4.1.2 Quantity feet or metres,4.1.3 Grades see Table 2 or 8.6,4.1.4 Size, either nominal NPS or outside diameter andwall thickness,4.1.5 Nominal length see 16.3,4.1.6 End finish plain end beveled or special, see 17.1,4.1.7 Bar coding see 20.3,4.1.8 Special requirements, and4.1.9 Supplementary requirements.5. General Requirements5.1 Pipe furnished under this specification shall conform tothe applicable requirements of Specification A 530/A 530Munless otherwise provided herein.6. Materials and Manufacture6.1 Pipe shall be welded from one side by the laser beamwelding process using a single pass with an appropriateshielding gas. The pipe shall have one longitudinal seam. Theweld shall be made in accordance with a qualified weldingprocedure as specified in ASME Boiler and Pressure VesselCode, Section IX, Paragraph QW-264. The edges may bepreheated.6.2 The internal and external weld protrusion resulting fromthe welding process shall be removed, in accordance with therequirements of 18.1 and 18.2.6.3 The weld seam and its heat affected zone shall receiveeither a normalizing heat treatment or a continuous in-line heattreatment in such a manner that no untempered martensiteremains. Complete penetration and coverage of the weld andthe weld heat affected zone by this heat treatment shall beconfirmed by periodic metallographic examination of weldarea cross-section specimens at least once per working shift.7. Chemical Composition7.1 The steel shall contain no more than 0.22 carbon,0.015 sulfur, and 0.025 phosphorus, by heat and productanalyses.7.2 The steel shall contain no more than 0.0007 boron, byheat analysis.7.3 The carbon equivalent CE value for each heat shall notexceed 0.40 , calculated using the product analyses and thefollowing equationCE 5 C 1 FFMn61Si241Cu151Ni201Cr 1 Mo 1 V 1 Cb5G1whereF a compliance factor that is dependent upon the carboncontent, as shown belowCarbon Content, F Carbon Content, FNPS 12 100 lengths 1TABLE 7 Permissible Variations on LengthsNominal Length Minimum Length Minimum Avg. LengthFor Each Order ItemMaximum Lengthft m ft m ft m ft m20 6 9.0 2.74 17.5 5.33 22.5 6.8640 12 14.0 4.27 35.0 10.67 45.0 13.7250 13 17.5 5.33 43.8 13.35 55.0 16.7660 18 21.0 6.40 52.5 16.0 65.0 19.8180 24 28.0 8.53 70.0 21.34 85.0 25.91A 1006/A 1006M5testing device of appropriate accuracy. In case of a dispute, themeasurement determined by the use of a mechanical calipershall govern.18.5 Repairs of the pipe body, by welding, are not permit-ted.18.6 Repair of the WeldDefects in welds may be repairedonly by agreement between the purchaser and the manufac-turer; such repairs shall be in accordance with SpecificationA 530/A 530M, except that the repair depth shall not exceed70 of the specified wall thickness of the pipe and back-to-back repairs are not permitted. No repair of repair weld ispermitted.18.7 Pipe smaller than NPS 4 shall be reasonably straight.For all other pipe, the measured deviation from a straight lineshall not exceed 0.2 of the length.18.8 The pipe shall contain no dents greater than 10 ofthe specified outside diameter or1⁄4 in. [6.4 mm], whichever issmaller, measured as the gap between the lowest point of thedent and a prolongation of the original contour of the pipe.Cold formed dents deeper than1⁄8 in. [3.2 mm] shall be free ofsharp-bottom gouges. The gouges may be removed by grind-ing, provided that the remaining wall thickness is withinspecified limits. The length of the dent in any direction shallnot exceed one half the pipe diameter.19. Certification19.1 A certified test report shall be furnished.20. Package Marking20.1 Each length of pipe shall be legibly marked by sten-ciling to show specification number, the name or brand of themanufacturer, LBW, the grade, wall thickness, diameter, heatnumber, and the length, except as allowed in 20.2. The lengthshall be marked in feet and tenths of a foot, or metres to twodecimal places, as applicable.20.2 For pipe NPS 11⁄2 and smaller that is bundled, theinformation in 20.1 may be marked on a tag that is securelyfastened to each bundle.20.3 In addition to the requirements of 20.1 and 20.2, barcoding is acceptable as a supplementary identification method.The purchaser may specify in the order a specific bar codingsystem to be used.21. Keywords21.1 black steel pipe; laser beam welded; line pipeSUPPLEMENTARY REQUIREMENTSThe following supplementary requirement shall apply only when specified in the purchase order.S1. Drop-Weight Tear TestingS1.1 The drop-weight tear test shall be conducted in accor-dance with API RP 5L3.S1.2 The temperature selected for conducting the drop-weight tear test, the test frequency, and the criteria foracceptance shall be as specified in the purchase order.The American Society for Testing and Materials takes no position respecting the validity of any patent rights asserted in connectionwith any item mentioned in this standard. Users of this standard are expressly advised that determination of the validity of any suchpatent rights, and the risk of infringement of such rights, are entirely their own responsibility.This standard is subject to revision at any time by the responsible technical committee and must be reviewed every five years andif not revised, either reapproved or withdrawn. Your comments are invited either for revision of this standard or for additional standardsand should be addressed to ASTM Headquarters. Your comments will receive careful consideration at a meeting of the responsibletechnical committee, which you may attend. If you feel that your comments have not received a fair hearing you should make yourviews known to the ASTM Committee on Standards, at the address shown below.This standard is copyrighted by ASTM, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, United States.Individual reprints single or multiple copies of this standard may be obtained by contacting ASTM at the above address or at610-832-9585 phone, 610-832-9555 fax, or serviceastm.org e-mail; or through the ASTM website www.astm.org.TABLE 8 Depth of Groove ToleranceSpecified Wall Thickness t,in. [mm]Maximum Depth of Groove,in. [mm]0.150 [3.8] or less 0.10t0.150 [3.8] to 0.300 [7.5]0.015 [0.4]0.300 [7.5] or greater 0.05tA 1006/A 1006M6

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